American Tree Experts

5 Incredible Tips to Pruning Trees Like A Pro

tips to pruning trees easily

Here are 5 amazing tips for pruning trees that directly impact tree growth and health

Tree pruning is the practice of trimming and shaping a tree and removing extra and diseased branches, shrubs, leaves, and roots of a plant. It not only enhances the appeal of the tree but also makes it healthier, stronger, and safer. Pruning trees regularly will keep the pests and diseases at bay. However, it is important to prune the tree correctly using the right methodology and techniques. Otherwise, you may end up doing more damage than good.

In this guide, we will shed light on tips to pruning trees which include some basic yet important aspects of tree pruning.

Observe The Tree and Decide What to Prune

  • Pruning a tree can be a bit like cutting hair. Before beginning the job, you have to analyze and decide which parts you want to remove, what shape you want to give the tree, and whether you want to do a light trimming or a heavy cutting of the tree. Setting your goals for the pruning session will give you a guideline to follow.

By doing so, the end result will not be drastically different than what you had anticipated initially.

Season Matters

  • All four seasons impact the growth of a tree differently. If you prune your tree during winters, it will have massive growth during the spring and summer seasons. Due to an abundance of sunlight and humidity, plants experience the highest growth during these seasons.

However, if you want to slow down the growth of a few unwanted branches or make the tree more shapely, it is recommended to prune a tree during summers. Trees have a slower growth during the Autumn and Winter seasons.

Remove The Damaged Branches First

  • tips to pruning trees

    The goal of pruning a tree is to make it healthier. Parts of trees that have been damaged due to storms or disease should be removed first. By pruning these parts, the nutrients will be redistributed evenly to the healthy parts of the tree.

Before pruning a tree, identify the major branches of a tree that form its skeleton. Do not remove these branches as they provide support and nutrition to multiple other parts of the tree.

Prune The Clustered Areas

  • Those areas of the trees that are clustered with lots of thin and unwanted branches require special attention. Remove unnecessary and extra branches so that light and air will circulate the major branches in an improved manner. Light and air are important for the growth of a tree. Clustered branches attract insects and become breeding grounds for fungus and moss.

Also, remove the branches that grow inward towards the center of the tree. These branches lead to unhealthy clutter.

Light Pruning is The Preferred Way to Go

  • Always prune with light hands. Avoid heavy pruning unless the tree is heavily infested or diseased. With every cut, the tree’s immune system is compromised a little and it becomes prone to pest infestation and fungus. The rule of thumb is that you should not prune more than 25% percent of a tree’s branches in one season.

75 percent of a deciduous tree should always be covered with living branches. This is important for the supply of nutrients and for supporting the tree’s ecosystem.

Following these tips will ensure healthy and beautifully sculpted trees. If you are new to gardening, call in the pros and let them prune your trees. American Tree Experts provides tree pruning and removal services in Montclair, New Jersey, and surrounding areas. Call them at 973-834-7797 to get a free estimate of the services.

5 Advantages of Organic Fertilizers

what are advantages of organic fertilizers

Important 5 advantages of organic fertilizers and their benefits you need to know

Organic fertilizers are made from the decomposition of organic waste i.e. plants and animals. Processed fertilizers that have a compost or manure base are also termed organic fertilizers. Organic fertilizers deliver important nutrients to the soil, improve its fertility and help achieve quality yield. They have been a part of agriculture for ages. However, they were replaced (to a major extent) by inorganic and commercial fertilizers after the industrial boom in the 19th century.

As the advantages of organic fertilizers have become more obvious, the world is once again shifting towards the use of organic fertilizers. Let us take a look at the different benefits of organic fertilizers.

Benefits of Organic Fertilizers

Deliver Nutrients Slowly and Steadily

  • Organic fertilizers break down slowly and steadily. They take time to leach in the soil, decompose and deliver the desired nutrients. This way, the plants are not overfed and they draw the nutrients according to their need. Contrary to this, inorganic nutrients behave artificially and decompose quite quickly. The overdose of nutrients can damage the plants and may burn them.

Because they decompose so fast, inorganic nutrients do not add much fertility to the soil either.

Improve The Health of The Soil

  • Alluvial and loamy soils are naturally rich in nutrients and minerals. However, they lose some of their fertility due to over vegetation. The purpose of adding fertilizers is to replenish their depleted fertility. Organic fertilizers play a crucial role in improving the texture of the soil. They make the soil more porous which enables it to retain a greater volume of water and improves the bacterial and fungal activity in the soil. The overall health of the soil is improved.

advantages of organic fertilizersThe reason why inorganic fertilizers don’t contribute much to the health of the soil is because of the lack of carbon in their chemical composition. Carbon is needed for microbes and bacteria to derive energy and thrive. The chemical composition of organic fertilizers is similar to that of microbes. They contain all the important elements such as carbon, nitrogen, potassium, and nitrogen that are needed by microbes to exist in an environment.

They Are Safer For Human Consumption

  • Organic fertilizers do not contain harmful chemicals. The plants that grow on these fertilizers are safer to consume. Inorganic fertilizers may contain certain harmful chemicals such as zinc, lead, chromium, cadmium, and arsenic. Through a process known as bioaccumulation, these harmful substances can deposit in larger quantities inside our bodies and cause certain diseases.

They Are Environmentally Safe

  • As mentioned before, organic fertilizers decompose slowly and do not leach out when water is applied. They don’t run off with water, hence they don’t pollute water bodies such as rivers and oceans. Some Environmentally Friendly Fertilizers (EEFs) take in carbon dioxide to produce organic matter. This way, they reduce the concentration of CO2 which is the most abundant greenhouse gas.

Organic fertilizers also increase species biodiversity by 30%, leading to a healthier ecosystem.

Offer Great Value For Money

  • Even though organic fertilizers are costlier, compared to commercial fertilizers, they are needed in much less quantity. They can result in considerable cost savings as they contain important nutrients i.e. Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potassium (NPK) in abundant quantities and there is no need for additional supplements. If you use organic fertilizers, you may not require pesticides, which will save money.

We specialize in nutrient management at American Tree. Call us at (973) 744-6091 to get customized organic and liquid injection fertilizers for your plants to meet all their nutrient requirements. We provide services in Montclair, New Jersey, and nearby areas.

Top 5 Most Dangerous Disease-Causing Plant Pests

how to identify disease-causing plant pests

Tree Experts in New Jersey reveal the 5 most dangerous disease-causing plant pests

Gardening is a fun and productive hobby. It not only brings you closer to nature but also gives you fresh, home-grown fruits and vegetables. Disease-causing plant pests are the biggest threat to your garden. They not only destroy the product but can also cause several diseases to the plants. To save your garden from a pest attack, it is important to take precautionary measures and remain on the outlook of telltale signs of a pest infestation and the diseases caused by them.

To do so, educate yourself about the most dangerous disease-causing pests and how to identify them.

Aphids

Top of the list is aphids. They are small pear-shaped insects. They have long antennae on the front and two tubes on the rear side that come out from their abdomen. Aphids attack fruits, vegetables, ornamentals, flowers, and shade trees in North America. They damage the plants in the following ways:

  • Alphids suck the plant sap that damages the leaves and foliage of the plant.
  • They excrete honeydew on leaves that promotes the growth of sooty mold. This accelerates the spread of viral diseases.

If you fear an aphid infestation has taken place, do the following:

  • Wash plants with high-pressure water
  • Introduce predators of aphids such as lacewings, lady beetles, and aphid midges to the plant.
  • Spray the plant with hot pepper or garlic sprays.

Cabbage Maggots

These parasites infest crops that belong to the cabbage family, such as Chinese cabbages that are grown in North America. The maggots are found in the roots, and they destroy the plant by eating it away. Cabbage Maggots also create passages for disease organisms. To deal with their infestation, do the following:

  • Apply floating row covers over the plants
  • Leave certain parasitic nematodes around the roots of the plant. They feed on Cabbage Maggots.
  • Burn the roots of an infected plant to prevent the further spread of the parasites.
  • Place wood ashes or red pepper dust around the stems.

Caterpillars

Caterpillars are the larvae of butterflies. They destroy the leaves and fruits by chewing on them. Their distinctive features are a harder head capsule, six legs in the front, and false legs on the end. Caterpillars thrive on fruits, vegetables, ornamentals, and shade trees. To control their infestation on your plants, do the following:

Colorado Potato Beetle

disease-causing plant pestsThese beetles attack several vegetables including potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant, petunias, and cherry tomatoes that are grown in North America. Colorado Beetles have distinct yellow-orange bodies that are decorated with ten black stripes on wing covers. These beetles defoliate plants and kill the young plants. They also reduce the harvest of plants. To deter these pests:

  • Apply floating row covers
  • Introduce native parasites
  • Spray the plants with neem oil

Mexican Bean Beetle

These beetles feed on cowpeas, snap beans, soybeans, and lima beans. Mexican Bean Beetle is commonly found in Arizona, Texas, Utah, and Nebraska. They are a quarter an inch long, oval in shape, have yellow-brown bodies, and their wing covers are decorated with 16 black spots. Mexican Beetles chew on the leaves of plants from underneath and leave a lacy appearance behind. To deter their growth:

  • Apply floating row covers
  • Handpick the produce
  • Spray the plant with neem oil or insecticidal soap
  • Plant soybean nearby that acts as a trap crop

These home remedies for controlling pests have their limits. If a serious pest infestation has taken place then contact American Tree Experts. They provide professional pest management services in Mont Clair, New Jersey, and nearby areas.

A Beginner’s Guide to Tree Cabling – Understand The Basics

the basics of tree cabling

Learn everything there is to know about tree cabling

Most people know the importance of strategic pruning for their tree’s healthy growth. However, if your tree has weak branches, structural defects, and V-shaped stems then pruning might not be beneficial. You should consider getting your trees cabled. Tree cabling is a support system to help your trees stay healthy and prevent damage in the future. We have written a beginner’s guide to get you to know more about it. Read about it below: 

What Is Tree Cabling?

  • Using high-strength cables to support weak branches and promote their healthy growth is called Tree Cabling. Sometimes a tree is simply unable to support its own weight. At other times, the branches need correction so that they grow properly

Weak branches pose the risk of snapping especially during thunderstorms and thus damaging your property. Weak branches can also hinder your tree’s healthy growth. In all such situations, cabling the tree can effectively help your trees flourish better and keep everyone safe. 

Tree Cabling As A Support System

Tree cabling acts as a support system for your trees in a variety of scenarios. The three main reasons are: 

  • Preventing Structural Issues: A healthy growing tree might develop branches that can pose a problem in the future. Tree cabling can help fix these branches in time, while they are still growing.
  • Restoring A Damaged Tree: A tree may be damaged due to natural disasters or human intervention. In order to restore its health and promote healthy growth, tree cabling is used.
  • Minimizing Risks In Healthy Trees: A healthy tree is growing without any noticeable defects. To prevent it from developing weak branches or structural problems.

Visual Inspections For Warning Signs

  • It is very important to conduct visual inspections of your trees regularly. This helps you spot any warning signs that can prompt you to get it cabled. Most people cable their trees to make sure they are growing in the right direction. If you spot cracks in the bark of your tree stem or branches, it could point towards a structural weakening. If you notice two or more stems growing in a V-shape from a common point, this could indicate a potential weak spot. Similarly, branches that are growing upwards in a V-shape also require cabling. 

One of the most common warning signs is if you notice your tree leaning towards a certain side. If a thunderstorm or a severe windstorm occurs, your tree has the potential to be uprooted. Cabling will help prevent that from happening.  

Types of Tree Cabling Systems?

  • what is tree cablingGenerally, all tree cabling systems require bolts, cables, and brace wire stops. There are two main types of systems. The dynamic system allows the branches some freedom of movement while preventing them from splitting. These are also very discreet and often blend in with the branches. 

Steel and rod systems utilize extra high-strength cables that restrict flexibility. They offer a better support system for trees that have serious structural issues and are at greater risk of causing damage. 

Hire A Professional Service

  • Tree cabling is not as simple as it looks. It involves drilling holes in the tree bark and passing the cables at a calculated angle. This angle helps the cable exert useful pressure on the tree and thus increasing the overall positive effect. An improperly cabled tree is just as dangerous as a tree without any kind of support system. 

It is highly recommended to call tree maintenance professionals also known as arborists. American Tree Experts Inc. is a team of highly qualified and skilled arborists. We provide services to New Jersey. You can call us up to book your free tree assessment. Our experts will explain and suggest what tree cabling system is best suited for your trees. 

6 Incredible Benefits of Pruning Trees

why pruning tree is important

Here are a few benefits of pruning trees directly from tree experts in New Jersey

Trees like humans require regular maintenance. If not trimmed and pruned, they can become wild and distorted. Pruning is the process of selectively trimming certain parts of the plant such as buds, branches, and spent flowers. Pruning ensures preventive maintenance of the tree. Regular pruning is not only good for the health and appearance of the plant but also protects other plants, people, and property from injury. 

Pruning also prevents pest infestation. Let us take a look at the importance and benefits of pruning trees.

Why is Tree Pruning Necessary?

Improves The Health of The Tree

  • All living things require care and maintenance. Pruning boosts the overall health of the tree. When certain parts of the tree don’t receive enough sunlight, they start to die. Pest infestation is another reason for the spread of diseases in the trees.  The diseases and dead parts of the tree are removed during the pruning process. This not only prevents the spread of the disease but also allows a better distribution of nutrients to the healthy parts of the tree. 

A well-pruned tree also allows greater circulation of air and more sun exposure. This promotes new growth, improves balance, and enhances the structural integrity of the tree. 

Improves The Structure and Appearance of The Tree

  • Regular trimming can take off the excess load from the trees. This is especially beneficial for young and developing trees as it helps them form a sturdier structure and well-shaped limbs. The overall appearance of the tree improves as well.  

Overgrown trees give a wild appearance. The hanging branches can even make your home look like a haunted place and decrease the appeal of the property. Well-pruned trees not only look good but they make the nearby properties look sharp and proper as well.  

Prevents Safety Hazards From Occurring

  • benefits of pruning trees for safetyA lot of trees are planted in residential areas. Sometimes trees are planted quite close to areas of common use such as garages, sheds, homes, driveways, and footpaths. Some homeowners even hang swings for kids on trees. 

If these trees become too big and wild, they can present certain safety hazards. For e.g. overgrown branches can interfere with electric wires and start a fire. A weakened and overgrown tree limb can drop off during a storm and can crash over a home or some other structure. Likewise, a weakened tree limb may not be able to support the weight of a child on a swing and can come crashing down, causing massive injuries. 

  • Hence, pruning trees prevents safety hazards from taking place in the first place as high-risk branches are removed in the process.

Food Production Increases

  • It is recommended to prune trees during the late months of winter so that the tree is ready to bear fruit during spring and summer. A well-pruned tree usually bears more fruit as there is a surplus of energy and nutrients to supply to the healthy fruit-bearing parts. 

Brightens the Rooms

  • Sometimes overgrown trees cast a gloomy shadow and block the entry of sunlight into your home. Pruning trees will allow more sunlight to enter your home and you can result in significant power and money-saving. 

Give You An Unobstructed View

  • Overgrown tree branches can get in the way of your windows, balconies, and skylights. They can obstruct the beautiful view of the outside. Regular pruning will give you an unobstructed view of the outside. 

Tree pruning requires professional tree experts. American Tree Experts offer services for tree pruning in Montclair New Jersey and nearby areas. Call Us at (973) 744-6091 to get a free estimate of our services. 

Alarming Signs of Nutrient Deficiency in Trees

how to look for nutrient deficiency in trees

4 signs of nutrient deficiency in trees that require immediate attention

All living things require nutrients and energy to thrive. However, the nutritional requirements for plants differ from humans and animals. Their nutritional requirements can be divided into the following categories:

  • Macronutrients such as nitrogen, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, and sulfur. These nutrients are needed in large quantities for the growth and health of plants. 
  • Micronutrients such as copper, manganese, molybdenum, boron, iron, and zinc. These are needed in relatively lesser amounts. 

Both sets of nutrients perform different functions and are important for maintaining the health and structure of trees and plants. Nutrient deficiency in plants can hamper the healthy growth and development of plants and can manifest itself in multiple ways. Look out for the following telltale signs of nutrient deficiency in trees: 

Nitrogen Deficiency

Nitrogen is one of the most important plant nutrients. It is a component of all plant fertilizers. Nitrogen is needed for the optimal growth of plants especially for the development of fruits and seeds. It makes the leaves healthier and bigger and increases the maturity of plants. The deficiency of this important nutrient can impede the growth of plants. Nitrogen deficiency manifests in the following ways:

  • Plants start to lose their color and become light green. First, older leaves become yellow, and then younger leaves change their color as well. 
  • If the deficiency goes on, the growth of the plants is stunted and secondary shoots grow poorly. 

Phosphorus Deficiency

It is another important plant nutrient that is needed for accelerating important plant functions such as:

  • Photosynthesis
  • Protein synthesis
  • Seed germination
  • Budding 
  • bloom stimulation 

It also speeds up maturity in plants. Plants take up phosphorus in the form of phosphate. Common signs of phosphorus deficiency are:

  • Older trees turn purple or bronze especially on the underside. This happens due to the accumulation and increased production of Anthocyanin pigment. 
  • Plant growth is stunted and their rate of development is slowed down as well. 

Potassium Deficiency

signs of nutrient deficiency in treesIt is the third important plant nutrient. It is found in all nutrients. Potassium helps in the manufacture of plant sugar. Energy is derived from sugar to perform important functions such as protein synthesis, root development, and mitosis. Potassium also strengthens the immune system of plants. 

Plants take up this important nutrient in the form of potassium ions. Since it’s a free radical, it can be dissolved in water and leached out of the soil easily through run-off. Hence, potassium deficiency can occur. Symptoms of potassium deficiency in plants are:

  • The edges of the leaves become yellow. The death of the leaf cells occurs from the edge of the leaf to the midrib. This is called leaf necrosis. 
  • The yellowing of leaves due to potassium deficiency is permanent and cannot be reversed even if potassium levels are stacked again. 

Calcium Deficiency

Calcium is an important component of the plant’s cell wall. It adds structure to the cell walls. It is also needed to produce new root tips. Unlike the above three primary nutrients, calcium does not travel in the plant and remains in specific parts of the plants. When a plant is deficient in calcium, it remains in the older tissue and is not taken up by the young plant tissue. 

Therefore, the symptoms of calcium deficiency first appear in the fresher and younger parts of the plants such as leaf tips. Calcium deficiency manifests in the following ways:

  • Stunted and impeded growth of new foliage, buds, and roots. 
  • Yonder leaves curl downwards and the leaf edges and tips become brown.
  • Roots grow out to be short and thick. 

Organic and Liquid Injection Fertilizers are a suitable solution for nutrient deficiency. Contact American Tree Experts, Inc in New Jersey if your trees and plants are nutrient deficient. We can revitalize your trees by injecting them with organic and liquid fertilizers. 

Emerald Ash Borer Treatment

Ash Trees in Danger in Our Area

(Link Montclair Emerald Ash Tree Confirmed)
https://www.montclairnjusa.org/government/departments/community_services/arborist___shade_trees/emerald_ash_borer_confirmed_in_montclair/

The Emerald Ash Borer, an insect that has been wreaking havoc on ash trees in the central United States for the last few years has finally invaded our area.  This insect feeds only on ash trees and repeated feedings can lead to tree death.  Once infestation has begun, trees often die within 2-4 years.

It is said that over the next few years. 99{7441e487f227dbd1e0d0d8c3b75bcec9fb02872f348e8f6979cf633b8f9dcf63} of NJ ash trees will die due to emerald ash borer infestations!

American Tree Experts are here to help!

What can you do if your trees are infected?

Well first you need to know if your tree is an Ash tree.

Even if you do identify your trees as Ash it is can be very hard to spot signs of an infestation

Is Your Tree An Ash?

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Green Ash Tree

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White Ash Tree

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Some Signs & Symptoms To Look For

woodpecker-damage-emerald-ash-borer

The damage is usually diagnosed by 1/8” D-shaped exit holes in the bark or by the serpentine winding trails seen when loose bark is peeled away.

emerald-ash-borer-tree-signs

eab-holes

Even with the above information you may not notice the signs until it is too late. We here at American Tree Experts have been dealing with the Emerald Ash Borer specifically in Montclair, New Jersey quite often. We can treat and prevent your ash trees from becoming infected and help trees that are already infected.

Don’t Wait Until It Is Too Late!
CALL US TODAY FOR A FREE ESTIMATE:
(973) 744-6091