American Tree Experts

Caring For Your Trees: A Guide For Fertilizer and Trimming Tools To Use

why caring for your trees is important

Here is a comprehensive explanation of why caring for your trees is critical

Trees don’t just look beautiful or bring shade, they can significantly increase your property’s value. Therefore, you must take proper and good care of them. Using the right fertilizer and trimming appropriately with the right tools can do a world of wonders for your trees.

In this article, we will look at selecting the right fertilizer and trimming tools for your trees.

Why Are Fertilizers and Trimmings Important For Trees?

  • Trees should be regularly pruned and trimmed as this helps to stimulate growth, remove old and weak branches, and prevents the tree from catching pests and diseases. The best way is to contact a professional tree pruning service as they have the necessary expertise at hand for your tree pruning needs.

Fertilizers are available as an all-natural compost-like material, as well as in the form of pellets that consist of key nutrients and minerals that trees need for growing and staying healthy. In most places, the soil is unlikely to be able to provide the trees with all the nutrients and minerals it requires. Therefore it is necessary to add the right fertilizer to your trees.

Using a fertilizer can have several advantages for your trees such as:

  • It boosts tree growth and ensures the branches are stronger and seem full of leaves.
  • It promotes the growth of green and healthy leaves.
  • It overcomes deficiencies in soil composition and texture, thus decreasing the chances of your tree dying due to inappropriate soil.
  • It protects and helps the tree recover from infestations, pests, and diseases.

Important Things To Consider When Using A Fertilizer

  • There are several different types of fertilizers available in the market. You must make sure you select one that has all of the important macro-nutrients such as Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium. This type of fertilizer is usually denoted by NPK.

The NPK ratio of your fertilizer should be 10 – 8 – 15, which means that it is composed of 10% nitrogen, 8% Phosphorus, and 15% Potassium. It is always a good idea to get the soil tested for its pH as this information will help you understand the right amount of fertilizer to use.

What Is The Best Time To Use A Fertilizer?

  • If you have evergreen trees, then the best time to use fertilizer is just before the start of the spring season. This will encourage your tree to grow during the spring season, especially when the weather is most conducive.

It is important to remember that using fertilizer in or after the summer season results in winter injury and dieback. Winter injury makes the tree susceptible to disease, and increases the risk of the tree dying.

What Are The Best Trimming Tools To Own?

If you consider tree pruning and trimming a DIY job, and are trained for it then you must own the right trimming tools for your tree pruning projects. Using the right pruning methods can have several advantages for your trees. Mentioned below are some of the most popular and useful tree pruning tools that you can use.

Pruning Shears

  • Pruning shears are one of the most versatile tools and can be used in a variety of situations. In addition to using them on your trees, you can also use them to prune bushes and other plants.

They are also known as hand pruners. They are easy to carry, strong enough to cut most branches effortlessly, and have a very long life.

Loppers

  • If you want to cut through larger branches, you need to use a lopper. It has a sturdy blade, a long handle, and a smooth finish.

It can cut branches that are 2 inches thick. This tool is a bit heavier, so make sure you can handle it well without injuring yourself.

Pole Pruner

  • caring for your treesIf you have tall trees in your yard, then you might want to consider using a pole pruner. This tool comes in a variety of shapes and sizes, with some allowing you to prune branches as much as 15 feet in height.

Pole pruners are mostly used to remove dead branches before they fall causing damage to life and property. They can also be used to give a certain shape to your trees by pruning off excessive branches. It is highly recommended that a pole pruner never be used alone, rather always have someone with you to help in case of an emergency.

We, at American Tree Experts Inc., are one of the best tree pruning and tree nutrient management services, employing highly qualified arborists and experts. Call us today at 973-774-6091 and let our experts handle all your tree pruning and nutrient management needs.

 

What To Expect From A Pro Tree Removal Service?

pro tree removal service near you

Learn what to expect from a pro tree removal service

Trees cannot be simply uprooted like weeds. A professional company is required to properly execute a tree removal project without causing damage to life and property. Tree removals are not a DIY project, which can result in disastrous consequences. In this article, we take a look at what to expect from a good tree removal service.

Realistic Price Estimate

  • One of the main signs of a professional tree pruning and removal services company is that they offer a comprehensive service efficiently. Most tree removal projects will not dent your budget and offer you peace of mind when considering expenses.

The first step involves arborists visiting your property and looking at the trees that need to be removed. They and our specialists will calculate cost estimates, project timelines, and the work schedule.

  • You can voice your concerns and have your queries answered, if any. Once you agree, the work plan and price estimate will be written in a formal contract which both parties will sign. This helps to build trust and ensure all the work that has been agreed upon gets completed.

Health And Safety Protocols

  • There are several health and safety hazards in a tree removal project. Usually, the tree pruning and removal company provide essential health and safety training to its arborists and specialists. They might also have certifications in this regard.

The team will first inspect the property and the tree to identify possible safety risks. They will chalk out a plan to minimize and mitigate such risks. They will also plan for all possible scenarios so that your property suffers the most minor damage in any case.

  • The team can also give you basic training and an information session to ensure you and your property stay safe from falling trees and their branches. In this way, the risk of damage and injury is further reduced.

The best tree removal company will always use in-house expertise at every step of the project and have insurance in case things don’t go according to plan.

Qualified Arborists and Specialists

  • You must ensure the tree pruning and removal company has a team of qualified arborists and specialists. You can contact their past customers or ask them for references. You can contact them and get to know how their experience was with this company.

Sometimes, a tree infected with a pest or a disease might have weak or dead branches. When a tree removal project is started, these weak or dead branches might drop unexpectedly, causing damage to both property and people. Knowing how to deal with these and various issues is imperative before starting a tree removal project.

Post Removal Cleanup

  • pro tree removal serviceThe tree removal company’s job is to ensure it performs an excellent post-removal cleanup at the property. It is always a good idea to confirm with your selected company if they will include this in their removal service or charge you extra.

You can also ask them whether they will grind or remove the tree stump. Some tree removal companies also offer a service that helps remove the tree’s roots so that the stump can die quicker. If the stump is not dealt with properly, it will become a breeding ground for pests and rodents.

If you are considering hiring a tree pruning and removal service, then why not get in touch with us? We at American Tree Experts Inc are one of the best tree pruning and removal services. Contact us today at 973-774-6091 and book your consultation with our qualified arborists and specialists.

Top 10 Trees That Can Increase Your Property Value?

10 trees that can increase your property value

Here is the list of top 10 trees that can increase your property value

It is no secret that a properly planned bath or kitchen remodel will add value to your property. Most homeowners are oblivious to the fact that good landscaping in their yards can also increase their property’s value.

According to a leading Arborist article, large and well-maintained trees can add up to 15 percent to property value. In addition to adding value, trees can make your property look appealing and exciting. Trees can also reduce heating and cooling costs for your home. Let us look at the top ten trees that can affect increase your property’s value.

Shumard Oak Tree

  • Oak trees are a personal favorite for many homeowners because of their visually appealing fall foliage colors, rounded spread, fantastic durability, and large canopy shape. The Oak tree is known to support the highest number of life forms than any other tree in the USA.

The Shumard Oak tree is highly durable and can tolerate compacted soil. It is unaffected by pollution, which is a plus point if your property is located near busy traffic. The tree can reach a height of 60 feet and an average spread of 50-60 feet. It is imperative that a professional tree pruning company is hired for its pruning and maintenance.

  • The Shumard Oak tree needs full sun, well-drained soil, and regular fertilizer or compost to grow without any problems.

Live Oak Tree

  • The Live Oak tree is another favorite for homeowners because it is known to survive for centuries if given the appropriate care and maintenance. It can adapt to any type of soil and withstand salt spray and compacted soil.

It has good wind resistance and can withstand thunder and wind storms to an outstanding level. Depending on the tree’s position, it can help regulate your home’s temperature, thus reducing your energy costs.

  • The Live Oak tree can grow to a height of 80 feet with a magnificent spread of 100 feet. It can grow in full sun and partial shade. It can grow in well-drained, sandy, clay, loamy, and moist soil. Like many other trees, it is imperative to protect them from pests and diseases by scheduling regular maintenance check-ups.

White Oak Tree

  • The White Oak Tree is famous for its brilliant display of autumn foliage. Its leaves turn red and burgundy, which makes it look desirable. The White Oak tree is also known to be highly durable, being able to survive for centuries.

The White Oak tree can grow up to a height of 80 feet and gain a spread of about 70-80 feet. It can grow in full sun and partial shade. It can tolerate moist, well-drained, and slightly acidic to neutral soil.

Magnolia Cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata)

  • Magnoliaatrees that can increase your property valueThe Magnolia Cucumbertree is known for its excellent leaf cover and shade. It can help cool down your home and yard if grown at a good location. Homeowners love to relax under the shadow of this tree.

This tree can overgrow and produce green-yellow colored, fragrant flowers. The tree also bears a pink-red fruit resembling a cucumber. The tree can grow to a height of 60-80 feet and have an average spread of about 40 feet. It grows best in full sun and requires a well-drained, wet, and clay coil.

Selecting the right tree can be a complicated task for most homeowners. It is imperative to ensure the right conditions exist in your yard for the tree to grow and flourish. It is also important to regularly prune the tree and take care of its nutrient requirements. At American Tree Experts Inc, we pride ourselves on being one of the best tree specialists. Contact us at 973-774-6091 to book your appointment and get a free quote.

What Are The Causes and Symptoms of Nutrient Deficiencies in Plants?

causes and symptoms of nutrient deficiencies in plants

Experts in your area talk about the causes and symptoms of nutrient deficiencies in plants

Plant nutrients are certain mineral elements that are needed by the plants for their optimal growth. Plants derive these elements through the soil or can be supplemented through fertilizers. Macronutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium are elements that plants need in large quantities at different stages of plant development.

When the plant’s access to nutrients becomes limited, nutrient deficiency can occur. Nutrient deficiency can disrupt the development of plants, resulting in stunted growth. A plant that lacks one or more nutrients exhibits multiple internal and external signs that indicate a nutrient deficiency.

In this article, let us explore the different causes and symptoms of nutrient deficiency in plants.

Causes of Nutrient Deficiency in Plants

Some of the common causes of nutrient deficiency in plants are as follows:

  • Inadequate or damaged root structure leads to poor nutrient absorption, despite its presence in the soil.
  • Excessively high concentrations of nutrients in the ground lead to disrupted absorption by plants.
  • Highly alkalinity or salinity of the earth.
  • Insufficient or poor drainage structure of the plants.
  • Low or high pH of the soil.
  • Low water content can impact the transportation of nutrients to different parts of the plant.
  • Unavailability of the required nutrient at a specific phase of the plant’s developmental cycle. For E.g., plants need a high concentration of nitrogen during the active growth stage, whereas potassium and phosphorous are necessary for high concentrations during seed and fruit formation.

Nutrient management is the key to the timely identification, prevention, and curing of plant nutrient deficiencies. Let us now take a look at some typical signs of nutrient deficiencies in plants.

Telltale Signs of Nutrient Deficiency in Plants

Nutrient deficiency usually manifests as discolored or damaged foliage of the plant. The following telltale signs indicate the lack of different nutrients in plants.

Nitrogen Deficiency

  • The green color of the plants is due to the presence of a pigment called chlorophyll. Nitrogen is a major component of chlorophyll. When a plant lacks access to nitrogen, the leaves turn pale green and yellowish in color. Due to this visible sign, nitrogen deficiency is the easiest to identify.

If nitrogen deficiency prolongs, the plant starts to manifest the following signs of damage:

  • Poor structure of secondary shoots
  • The appearance of purple stripes in the stem
  • Stunted growth

Phosphorus Deficiency

Phosphorous is an essential nutrient that contributes to protein synthesis for plants. It is needed in optimal quantities to manufacture buds, seeds, and flowers. Phosphorous deficiency usually manifests through the following signs:

  • Appearance of bronze, purple or red hues in fully-developed foliage, typically in the lower areas.
  • A more severe and prolonged phosphorous deficiency appears in the form of brown dots and necrosis.
  • For crops such as wheat etc., phosphorous deficiency results in inadequate tillering.

Potassium Deficiency

symptoms of nutrient deficiencies in plantsPotassium helps plants in developing immunity against multiple diseases. This essential macronutrient performs the following functions for plants:

  • Helps in sugar formation and protein synthesis
  • Aids in cell multiplication and root formation

Following are some signs of potassium deficiency in plants:

  • The leaf-margins turn yellow permanently
  • Development of necrosis
  • The midribs show signs of damage by becoming crinkled and shrinking in size.

American Tree Experts Inc is a professional tree pruning and nutrient management company. We look after your trees in the best way possible. Contact us at 973-774-6091 today and get a free quote for all your tree-related needs.

Spotted Lantern Fly Pest Control Montclair New Jersey

spotted-lantern-fly-montclair-new-jersey

One of the number one questions we have been getting this past year is…. can you get rid of these Spotted Lantern Flys that are infesting our trees, yards etc…

Simple Answer! YES! Watch our quick video below to see how we kill these lantern flys and the difference between a tree that is treated and not treated.

We all need to do our part before these new pest destroys many of our trees in New Jersey. Give us a call today (973) 744-6091 or fill out our form here: https://americantree.com/contact/

How We Treat & Get Rid Of Spotted Lantern Flys

15 Trees You Should Never Grow in Your Yard

trees you should never grow in your yard

Here is a list of trees you should never grow or plant in your yard

Trees not only add to the aesthetic appeal of your yard but can offer several benefits, such as attracting wildlife, providing fruits and seeds, providing shade, and pleasant fragrances due to their flowers.

Although care and maintenance are necessary for all trees, some of them require extra maintenance. Read on below to learn about the trees you should never grow in your yard.

Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora)

  • The southern magnolia tree is regarded as one of the most beautiful trees in the world. During breezy summer days, one can hear a distinct sound as the wind blows through this tree. It produces large white flowers that have a pleasant fragrance. Its seeds are cherry red, and the bark has a unique texture.

The tree sheds a considerable amount of bark, twigs, and leaves. Its leaves are crisp and waxy even when green, thus making them very difficult to rake. The flower’s petals are leathery, wet, and tough. If you mow over them, they can collect and get stuck under, thus affecting the mower blades. For proper tree management, one should hire a professional tree pruning service as they have all the required tools and expertise.

Sweet Gum (Liquidambar styraciflua)

  • The sweet gum tree is a famous ornamental tree. Its autumn foliage is very similar to the maple tree and has a magnificent display of colorful leaves. It adds to the aesthetic beauty of one’s yard and is easily distinguishable from other autumn trees.

The tree gets its name from its seeds and fruit, commonly known as gum balls. They have spikes on them and aren’t edible, either. Each year, a typical tree sheds thousands of such balls.

  • These balls are brown, hard, and spiky. They are a serious safety hazard. They can cause you to slip and fall if stepped on. These balls are impossible to rake and can only be picked up by hand. They cannot be mowed, as they will damage the lawn mower. If they become airborne, they are dangerous if they hit someone. It is difficult to get rid of them in the compost as well.

Pecan (Carya illinoinensis)

  • The Pecan tree is famous for its delicious nuts. The Pecan wood gives off a pleasant fragrance when burnt. If used as firewood for baking and cooking, it gives the meat a savory flavor. Despite its unique advantages, one should avoid planting the Pecan tree in their yard.

The Pecan tree is known to shed everything, its leaves, bark, branches, and nuts. As the tree grows older, its branches become brittle and are easily broken. If there is a big thunderstorm, then you should expect to see broken branches in your yard. This presents itself as a safety hazard.

  • The Pecan tree also sheds a huge amount of leaves. These leaves cause litter as well as block drains. Since the tree’s leaves are small, they can easily find their way into crevices on your car and cause problems.

Oak (genus Quercus)

  • The great Oak tree is famous for its magnificent size, incredible shade, and exciting folklore and stories surrounding it. Oak trees might seem like a good choice for your yard, but they can cause many problems.

Oak trees are susceptible to pests and infections. Therefore, you must exercise precautions and take good care of your oak tree. If its branches become infected, they are at the risk of dropping and causing safety. A storm might also cause the branches to fall, posing a danger to you and your property.

Northern Catalpa (Catalpa speciosa)

  • trees you should never grow The Northern Catalpa tree is also commonly known as the Catawba tree. It is a very common tree, to the point that it is considered a weed in certain places. The tree’s leaves are heart-shaped and large which is an amazing sight. The tree produces fluffy white flowers and long and skinny seed pods and usually has a lot of catalpa worms.

The tree attracts many worms and caterpillars that feast on its leaves and seeds. The tree is known to shed everything, its leaves, bark, twigs, and even branches. It is relatively difficult to clean up, especially after a period of heavy breeze and thunderstorms.

Cottonwood

  • Cottonwood is a famous yard tree and is preferred by many homeowners due to its pleasant appearance and low maintenance. However, it should be avoided at all costs. It has a soft and shallow root system, which is susceptible to damage by strong winds and thunderstorms. Its wood is also prone to damage by rotting.

Cottonwood is also highly susceptible to being infected by pests and diseases. There have been many instances of a cottonwood tree falling and damaging someone’s car, garage, and even the house’s roof.

Bradford Pear

  • While the Bradford Pear is often regarded as an exotic tree due to its unique appearance, it has a very frail structure. The tree is very common in the United States and is considered a low-maintenance and durable tree.

The tree assumes a pyramid-like shape as it reaches maturity, and this shape makes it prone to being damaged by strong winds and thunderstorms. While hiring the services of a professional tree pruning company can help prevent this, it is still recommended to avoid planting it in your yard.

Mimosa Tree

  • The Mimosa tree has an exceptionally soft wood that is prone to rotting and disease. Webworms are known to infect this tree, thus causing its branches to break and fall unpredictably.

The Mimosa tree also produces a huge number of quick germinating seeds and, if left unchecked, can spread very quickly around your yard.

Mulberry Tree

  • If you suffer from pollen allergies, then you should avoid planting the Mulberry tree in your yard. This tree is known to produce vast amounts of pollen. This tree also attracts insects and pests, especially silkworms.

Mulberry trees offer excellent shade and are pretty sturdy. However, be prepared for a swarm of insects in and around your house.

Chinese Tallow

  • The Chinese Tallow is commonly known as the Popcorn tree due to the appearance of its flowers. It has broad leaves which offer a fantastic shade during bright sunny summer days. Its leaves become brightly colored during autumn, which is a pleasant sight.

The Chinese Tallow is an invasive species as it grows uncontrollably if not kept in check. It can reach a height of 40 feet and a width of 30 feet and develop a deep and diverse root system that can affect the other plants in your yard.

Norway Maple

  • While the Norway Maple isn’t indigenous to the United States, it is one of the most commonly planted trees. While it has an excellent shade, it prevents other plants and shrubs from growing around it.

This is due to the dense shade that prevents sunlight from reaching these plants and its extensive root system that increases competition for water and minerals in the soil.

Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus requires a lot of maintenance and can grow uncontrollably into a massive tree if not pruned on time.

Quaking Aspen

  • While the Quaking Aspen is a beautiful and durable tree, its roots require ample amounts of water and minerals to enable the tree to survive. You will be required to regularly mix fertilizer and nutrients in the soil and ensure it gets enough water.

If this is not the case, the tree’s roots will make it difficult for other plants in your yard to thrive.

Weeping Willow

  • The Weeping Willow gets its name from its long and slender branches that give it the appearance of crying. While the tree is visually appealing, it requires a huge amount of water to thrive.

This tree will make it harder for other plants and trees in its vicinity to survive as its roots will increase the competition for nutrients and minerals in the soil.

Linden (Tillia)

  • The Linden tree is popular among homeowners for its shade and beautiful flowers. However, it attracts aphids and secretes a sticky sap that is difficult to clean from floors and cars.

If you require professional tree pruning services, then why not get in touch with us? We at American Tree Experts Inc are a team of tree specialists. Contact us today at 973-774-6091 for a free quote.

Stump Removal vs Stump Grinding: The Pros And Cons

stump removal vs stump grinding

Stump Removal vs Stump Grinding – Learn the differences between them

When a tree is cut or felled, extra care is taken to ensure its trunk is cut as close as possible to the ground. The remaining portion of the tree is known as the tree stump. It has active roots in the soil. One may observe tree rings on the stump, which can be used to estimate the tree’s age.

Why Is Stump A Nuisance?

  • Stumps are generally considered a nuisance because they can regrow. In some instances, a stump may allow the growth of several trees around it. This is because the stump has an active root system below the ground.

Quite often, deciduous trees have stumps with the ability to regenerate. The regenerated trees are sometimes considered a healthy part of the natural ecosystem as a way for the forests to recover from deforestation.

  • However, the majority of the trees that sprout from stumps are susceptible to disease. They also have weaker structures as they rely on the already existing support structure of the stump. If you have stumps in your yard, you should contact a professional tree pruning service for their removal.

Why Should Stumps Be Removed?

It is generally advisable to remove tree stumps at the earliest. Even if you are sure that they won’t regenerate, they are an unpleasant sight. A stump might get an infestation and start to rot. It takes several months to a year for a stump to completely decompose away.

  • Since a stump is accompanied by its well-developed root structure, it becomes challenging to plant new trees in your yard. The existing root structure will make it difficult for your newly planted tree’s roots to flourish and increase competition for nutrients.

There are several ways to remove stumps from the ground. The two most popular methods are stump removal and stump grinding. Their pros and cons are mentioned below.

Stump Removal

  • The most common stump removal method is excavation. A hole is dug around the stump, and the roots are cut. The hole is made several meters deep until it reaches the base of the stump. The stump is then removed by hand. This is a labor-intensive process.

Another popular method for stump removal requires the use of chemicals. The stump is first prepared by using a chainsaw to remove as much of it as possible. 12-inch deep holes are then drilled around the circumference of the stump. The spacing between the holes is kept at 6-8 inches.

  • A few more holes are drilled around the rim of the stump, nearer to the ground. These holes are drilled at a 45-degree angle. Take about 100 – 150ml of tree stump removal chemical and pour it into the holes in granule form. Fill the gaps with water so that the granules can get soaked.

After about 4-6 weeks, you’ll notice the chemicals have accelerated the rotting process in the stump. To confirm this, you can touch the stump, and it will feel soft and spongy. Now take a sharpened felling ax and use it to remove the rotting stump.

Stump Grinding

  • stump removal vs stump grindingStump Grinding is a quicker process as compared to stump removal. Unless you are specifically trained and have previous experience, we would not recommend doing it as a DIY project. It is best to hire a professional company.

Arborists use a specialized machine to shred the stump, leaving its roots behind. As the machine works, it leaves behind chips that can be used as mulch for the plants in your yard.

  • Stump grinding does not help remove the roots. Although when the stump is fully ground, the roots will start to decay. The roots span about 8-12 feet beyond the stump across your yard for a fully grown tree. The decaying process will take around 10 years until the roots are entirely broken down.

If you have a stump in your yard and are worried about its removal, then why not get in touch with us? We at American Tree Experts Inc are a team of tree specialists. Contact us today at 973-774-6091 and get your free stump removal quote now.

5 Trees That Have Catkins and How To Identify Them? 

5 trees that have catkins

Here is a list of 5 trees with catkins, learn how to recognize them

A catkin is a slim and cylindrical flower cluster. It is responsible for reproduction in plants. It is usually devoid of petals or has inconspicuous petals. Most catkins are wind-pollinated, while some are insect-pollinated. Catkins enable the female flowers to be pollinated as pollen from the male flowers is carried over to the female flower.

Read more below to know which trees have catkins and how they can be identified.

Alder (Alnus glutinosa)

  • The alder tree has both male and female flowers simultaneously. The catkins having male flowers can grow up to 6cm long. When the catkins are young, they have a greenish color. As they mature, the color changes to yellow.

The female flower is comparatively small. It is about one cm in length and is red in color. Its surface is covered with hair-like structures. After pollination, its color changes to brown. It becomes the alder cone that houses the seeds. The alder tree with its cones is a pleasant sight which is why it is a preferred garden tree. A professional tree pruning service can be hired to prune the tree so that it grows perfectly.

Hazel (Corylus avellana)

  • Hazel is a flowering shrub. Although it has male and female flowers simultaneously on the same plant, it cannot self-fertilize. Hazel catkins appear similar to alder catkins, and also have male flowers on the catkins.

The female flower has a bud shaped like a small vase with red filaments sticking out. When pollination occurs successfully, these buds become hazel nuts during the autumn season.

Silver birch (Betula pendula)

  • Silver birch is perhaps the most common and popular tree that has catkins. It is monoecious which means male and female flowers grow on the same plant. Male catkins are four-five cm in length and have a yellow-brown color. At the end of shoots, these male catkins hang in groups of two-four, looking like lambs’ tails. If you are allergic to pollen, then you must avoid planting this tree in your garden.

Female catkins are comparatively smaller and shorter than male catkins. Before maturing they are short, bright green, and erect. After pollination occurs they get thicker, and their color changes to dark crimson. The seeds of silver birch appear to have small wings. These are produced in masses and look as if they are flying on a windy summer day.

White willow (Salix alba)

  • The white willow is a dioecious tree. Dioecious means that male and female flowers grow on separate trees. In early spring, the catkins start appearing. The male catkins have a length of about four-five cm while the female catkins have a length of three-four cm. The female catkins are narrower than their male counterparts.

Pollination usually occurs by insects, and the female catkins grow in length. They develop seeds that are enclosed in tiny feathery cases. These feathery attachments help the seeds travel to far-off places with the help of the wind.

Pedunculate oak  (Quercus robr)

  • trees that have catkinsOak trees are the most recognizable trees, particularly due to the acorns they produce. It might come as a surprise to most people but oak trees also have catkins. They are less densely packed compared to other trees.

Male catkins are six cm in length, are yellow, and grow length-wise hanging down from the branches. The female flowers are comparatively much smaller and have long filaments to catch the pollen. After pollination occurs, these turn into acorns.

American Tree Experts Inc is a professional tree pruning and nutrient management company. We look after your trees in the best way possible. Contact us at 973-774-6091 today and get a free quote for all your tree-related needs.

Top 10 Endangered Trees

endangered trees

Here is the list of the top 10 endangered trees

Due to climate change, deforestation, and over-exploitation it is estimated that almost 1,000 species of trees will face extinction within the next decade. When a tree becomes extinct, it also affects the ecosystem negatively. It is our duty to promote conservation and reforestation efforts to minimize this number.

Let us take a look at the top ten endangered trees below.

Araucaria Araucana (Monkey Puzzle)

  • A large number of trees are commonly known as Araucaria. They are popular garden trees. They are evergreen conifers and can grow in a variety of environmental conditions. They are particularly preferred in gardens due to their appearance, low maintenance, and adaptability. If you have an araucaria in your home, you can enhance its beauty by hiring a professional tree pruning company.

The Monkey Puzzle Conifer is native to Argentina and the lower slopes of the Andes in Chile. The Monkey Puzzle is one of the endangered trees because it has lost a considerable area of its natural habitat to fire, deforestation, and volcanic eruptions. The tree’s seeds are edible, its resin has medicinal properties, and its wood is used as a building material. The monkey puzzle conifer has been known to exist since the time of the dinosaurs.

Magnolia Officinalis (Magnolia)

  • There are about 245 species of Magnolia trees. However, about 131 of them are classified as endangered trees and vulnerable. They are on the verge of extinction unless protective measures are taken to protect them. The Magnolia tree is native to the temperate mountains and valleys of China.

This tree has medicinal properties and has been used extensively for making traditional medicines. The bark of this tree has been used as medicine since ancient times. The medicines made from the Magnolia tree help treat stress, anxiety, colds, coughs, and allergy symptoms. Tree reforestation not only helps prevent extinction but has several other benefits as well.

Taxus Brevifolia (Pacific Yew)

  • Pacific Yew is used as a key ingredient in paclitaxel which is a cancer drug. Due to over-exploitation, this tree is on the verge of extinction. In the 1960s around 15,000 plants were chosen for testing due to their medicinal properties. About five made it to advanced testing and only one made it to the pharmacies which is the Pacific Yew.

Pacific Yew was once considered a weed tree. It looked scrawny and insignificant, however, its true potential was realized only when it succeeded in medicinal testing. Now it is one of the endangered trees of the world.

Caesalpinia Echinata (Pau Brasil)

  • The Pau Brasil tree is also classified as highly vulnerable and is one of the endangered trees at the risk of extinction in the near future. The wood from this tree was used in making cellos, violas, and violins. Its wood is considered top quality due to its resonance, beauty, and flexibility. It was also used to make high-quality stringed instrument bows.

The Pau Brasil is only found in Brazil, which exacerbates its endangered status. The bark of this tree was used to create pigments. The tree was specially imported into Europe in the 1800s. Realizing this tree’s vulnerability, bowmakers in Europe and North America are promoting Pau Brasil’s reforestation and conservation efforts.

Swietenia Macrophylla (Big Leaf Mahogany)

  • top 10 endangered treesThe Big Leaf Mahogany is native to Central America. Since the 1950s this tree’s population has declined by 70% and is now considered one of the endangered trees. This is due to weak regulations for the prohibition and prevention of deforestation. The wood of this tree is famous for making fine quality furniture since the 16th century. The main qualities of this tree’s wood include resistance to rot, durability, and exceptional strength.

The tree has a massive buttress. Its roots are able to support trunks reaching 200 feet in height. It has huge leaves that are made up of several leaflets. This is why it has the name Big Leaf Mahogany.

American Tree Experts Inc provides professional tree pruning and nutrient management services. Contact them today at 973-774-6091 and find out how they can help your trees thrive and grow.

How to Graft Fruit Trees: A Beginners Guide

how to graft fruit trees beginners guide

Continue reading to learn more about how to graft fruit trees

Tree grafting is a simple procedure that is popular among many homeowners. A piece of an existing tree (a scion) is connected to a part of another tree (receptive rootstock). When the combined components grow, it forms a new tree.

Grafting helps to combine the properties of two trees into one and is more commonly performed for flowering and fruit trees. While grafting isn’t supposed to produce exotic fruits and flowers, it is nevertheless beneficial to the overall health of a garden. This guide will explain how beginners can graft trees in the comfort of their homes.

Gather The Necessary Tools

  • Before starting the grafting project, it is imperative to have the right tools. To graft apple trees, an apple rootstock will be required. Similarly, to graft pear trees, a pear rootstock will be needed. Persimmon and cherry trees can be grafted as well. For excellent results, make sure the rootstock is suited to your local climate and region. An extension agent might help you with this.

To cut the scion, sharp shears or any cutting tool in excellent condition will be required. If it is difficult to get a tool in the right shape, you can contact a professional tree pruning service. They can cut the scions in a professional manner. In addition, grafting tape, crafting knives, and grafting sealant will be required.

Select The Right Tree

  • Selecting the right tree for grafting is of paramount importance. To know which tree will grow well in your region, help can be taken from the plantation department. You should know if any tree pests are found in your area as they pose a threat to your selected tree.

You can also search online and read up on other people’s grafting experiences in your locality. Some trees are easier to graft than others. Therefore, it will take a couple of grafts before you can complete the entire process smoothly. If you have an open garden, a grafted fruit tree will attract a lot of wildlife such as deers.

Preparing For Grafting

  • Tree grafting is only successful if it is performed at the right time. Therefore, it is important to plan for the grafting project. Fruit trees are best grafted from late winters to early summers.

It is essential to have the rootstock at hand, and an already cut scion. The scion should be cut before the sap rises and buds begin to emerge.

  • Don’t collect water sprouts that grow from the base of the tree. Instead, hard branches should be collected that have around four to six buds and are 10 – 12 inches long. The scion should have the same width as the rootstock.

To cut the scion, use a sharpened tool. Make clean cuts and place the scion in water to avoid it from drying out. A dried-out scion leads to poor grafting, which in most cases leads to the scion dying out.

Modified Cleft Graft

  • how to graft fruit treesThe first type of graft is called a modified cleft graft. The outer layer of scion and rootstock is known as the cambium layer. This layer is responsible for transporting nutrients and water across the tree.

The union in grafting will occur within this layer. To ensure a successful graft, the cambium of scion and rootstock must be in contact with each other.

  • Cut the rootstock about three inches from the ground line. Split the rootstock down the middle by about one and a half inches. Make a wedge in the scion that is equal to the wedge in the rootstock.

Insert the scion wedge in the rootstock. It is important not to rush this step and make sure the two layers touch each other. Use grafting tape and sealant to make sure the union is complete.

  • Tree grafting might seem like a daunting task for beginners. We, at American Tree Experts Inc, can help you with your project. We offer a variety of tree pruning and nutrient management services. Contact us today at 973-774-6091 and get your quote now!