American Tree Experts

Top 10 Endangered Trees

endangered trees

Here is the list of the top 10 endangered trees

Due to climate change, deforestation, and over-exploitation it is estimated that almost 1,000 species of trees will face extinction within the next decade. When a tree becomes extinct, it also affects the ecosystem negatively. It is our duty to promote conservation and reforestation efforts to minimize this number.

Let us take a look at the top ten endangered trees below.

Araucaria Araucana (Monkey Puzzle)

  • A large number of trees are commonly known as Araucaria. They are popular garden trees. They are evergreen conifers and can grow in a variety of environmental conditions. They are particularly preferred in gardens due to their appearance, low maintenance, and adaptability. If you have an araucaria in your home, you can enhance its beauty by hiring a professional tree pruning company.

The Monkey Puzzle Conifer is native to Argentina and the lower slopes of the Andes in Chile. The Monkey Puzzle is one of the endangered trees because it has lost a considerable area of its natural habitat to fire, deforestation, and volcanic eruptions. The tree’s seeds are edible, its resin has medicinal properties, and its wood is used as a building material. The monkey puzzle conifer has been known to exist since the time of the dinosaurs.

Magnolia Officinalis (Magnolia)

  • There are about 245 species of Magnolia trees. However, about 131 of them are classified as endangered trees and vulnerable. They are on the verge of extinction unless protective measures are taken to protect them. The Magnolia tree is native to the temperate mountains and valleys of China.

This tree has medicinal properties and has been used extensively for making traditional medicines. The bark of this tree has been used as medicine since ancient times. The medicines made from the Magnolia tree help treat stress, anxiety, colds, coughs, and allergy symptoms. Tree reforestation not only helps prevent extinction but has several other benefits as well.

Taxus Brevifolia (Pacific Yew)

  • Pacific Yew is used as a key ingredient in paclitaxel which is a cancer drug. Due to over-exploitation, this tree is on the verge of extinction. In the 1960s around 15,000 plants were chosen for testing due to their medicinal properties. About five made it to advanced testing and only one made it to the pharmacies which is the Pacific Yew.

Pacific Yew was once considered a weed tree. It looked scrawny and insignificant, however, its true potential was realized only when it succeeded in medicinal testing. Now it is one of the endangered trees of the world.

Caesalpinia Echinata (Pau Brasil)

  • The Pau Brasil tree is also classified as highly vulnerable and is one of the endangered trees at the risk of extinction in the near future. The wood from this tree was used in making cellos, violas, and violins. Its wood is considered top quality due to its resonance, beauty, and flexibility. It was also used to make high-quality stringed instrument bows.

The Pau Brasil is only found in Brazil, which exacerbates its endangered status. The bark of this tree was used to create pigments. The tree was specially imported into Europe in the 1800s. Realizing this tree’s vulnerability, bowmakers in Europe and North America are promoting Pau Brasil’s reforestation and conservation efforts.

Swietenia Macrophylla (Big Leaf Mahogany)

  • top 10 endangered treesThe Big Leaf Mahogany is native to Central America. Since the 1950s this tree’s population has declined by 70% and is now considered one of the endangered trees. This is due to weak regulations for the prohibition and prevention of deforestation. The wood of this tree is famous for making fine quality furniture since the 16th century. The main qualities of this tree’s wood include resistance to rot, durability, and exceptional strength.

The tree has a massive buttress. Its roots are able to support trunks reaching 200 feet in height. It has huge leaves that are made up of several leaflets. This is why it has the name Big Leaf Mahogany.

American Tree Experts Inc provides professional tree pruning and nutrient management services. Contact them today at 973-774-6091 and find out how they can help your trees thrive and grow.

How to Graft Fruit Trees: A Beginners Guide

how to graft fruit trees beginners guide

Continue reading to learn more about how to graft fruit trees

Tree grafting is a simple procedure that is popular among many homeowners. A piece of an existing tree (a scion) is connected to a part of another tree (receptive rootstock). When the combined components grow, it forms a new tree.

Grafting helps to combine the properties of two trees into one and is more commonly performed for flowering and fruit trees. While grafting isn’t supposed to produce exotic fruits and flowers, it is nevertheless beneficial to the overall health of a garden. This guide will explain how beginners can graft trees in the comfort of their homes.

Gather The Necessary Tools

  • Before starting the grafting project, it is imperative to have the right tools. To graft apple trees, an apple rootstock will be required. Similarly, to graft pear trees, a pear rootstock will be needed. Persimmon and cherry trees can be grafted as well. For excellent results, make sure the rootstock is suited to your local climate and region. An extension agent might help you with this.

To cut the scion, sharp shears or any cutting tool in excellent condition will be required. If it is difficult to get a tool in the right shape, you can contact a professional tree pruning service. They can cut the scions in a professional manner. In addition, grafting tape, crafting knives, and grafting sealant will be required.

Select The Right Tree

  • Selecting the right tree for grafting is of paramount importance. To know which tree will grow well in your region, help can be taken from the plantation department. You should know if any tree pests are found in your area as they pose a threat to your selected tree.

You can also search online and read up on other people’s grafting experiences in your locality. Some trees are easier to graft than others. Therefore, it will take a couple of grafts before you can complete the entire process smoothly. If you have an open garden, a grafted fruit tree will attract a lot of wildlife such as deers.

Preparing For Grafting

  • Tree grafting is only successful if it is performed at the right time. Therefore, it is important to plan for the grafting project. Fruit trees are best grafted from late winters to early summers.

It is essential to have the rootstock at hand, and an already cut scion. The scion should be cut before the sap rises and buds begin to emerge.

  • Don’t collect water sprouts that grow from the base of the tree. Instead, hard branches should be collected that have around four to six buds and are 10 – 12 inches long. The scion should have the same width as the rootstock.

To cut the scion, use a sharpened tool. Make clean cuts and place the scion in water to avoid it from drying out. A dried-out scion leads to poor grafting, which in most cases leads to the scion dying out.

Modified Cleft Graft

  • how to graft fruit treesThe first type of graft is called a modified cleft graft. The outer layer of scion and rootstock is known as the cambium layer. This layer is responsible for transporting nutrients and water across the tree.

The union in grafting will occur within this layer. To ensure a successful graft, the cambium of scion and rootstock must be in contact with each other.

  • Cut the rootstock about three inches from the ground line. Split the rootstock down the middle by about one and a half inches. Make a wedge in the scion that is equal to the wedge in the rootstock.

Insert the scion wedge in the rootstock. It is important not to rush this step and make sure the two layers touch each other. Use grafting tape and sealant to make sure the union is complete.

  • Tree grafting might seem like a daunting task for beginners. We, at American Tree Experts Inc, can help you with your project. We offer a variety of tree pruning and nutrient management services. Contact us today at 973-774-6091 and get your quote now!

Top 10 Species of Exotic Trees

rare exotic trees

Read on to discover the top 10 rare exotic trees

There are over 60,000 known species of trees that exist in the world today. Despite climate change, deforestation, and forest fires, many trees have survived for thousands of years and still thrive today. In this article, we take a look at the top ten rare exotic trees.

Dragon Blood Tree

  • Dragon Blood Trees are only found on an island known as Socotra. Socotra is situated 200 miles off the coast of Yemen and is also known as the jewel of Arabia. This tree has existed for over a millennium and can not be found anywhere else on the planet.

It has an umbrella-like shape, with bare branches growing upwards and having green leaves at their ends. It is called Dragon Blood because it grows in the remnants of a prehistoric forest known as Dragonsblood.

  • The bark and branches absorb humidity and then move it to its roots. This shows that the tree has adapted well to Socotra’s environmental conditions. However, the number of Dragon Blood Trees has rapidly declined due to climate change and deforestation.

If you plant this tree in your yard, you will never have to worry about hiring a professional tree pruning company, as this tree forms a unique umbrella shape.

Baobab Tree

  • The baobab tree is native to central-southern Africa and is instantly recognizable due to its long trunks and unique shapes. In addition, the baobab tree has efficiently adapted to the dry weather by absorbing enough water during the monsoon season.

Baobabs use their trunks as a sponge and store water which is then used during dry periods. Elephants are known to rip Boabab trunks in search of water.

  • In addition to Africa, the Baobab tree grows in Zimbabwe, Limpopo (South Africa), and Madagascar. At night, its flowers give off a sour milky scent that attracts bats.

Its flowers produce nectar which is a source of food for many birds. If you have a pollen allergy, then you should avoid this tree at all costs.

Ginkgo Tree

  • Ginkgo Tree is perhaps one of the unique trees in the world due to its medicinal properties. The oldest Ginkgo tree is 1400 years old and is located within the walls of a Buddhist temple in the Zhongnan Mountains of China.

The leaves of the Ginkgo tree change their color from green to bright yellow every fall. The fallen leaves around the tree present a spectacular sight for visitors. Therefore, it is also sometimes called the Maidenhair Tree.

  • Ginkgo Tree is a living fossil because it is one of the few trees that has existed since the time of dinosaurs.

Kauri Tree

  • exotic treesKauri Tree is known to be one of the strongest trees on Earth. They grow to about 50m in height and 16m in circumference. They are found in New Zealand and have been growing for the past 2200 years.

Kauri forests are known to be one of the most ancient forests on Earth. The oldest tree in this forest is known as Tane Mahuta, the Maori God for forests and birds.

Pando Tree

  • Pando Tree is also known as the trembling giant. Pando Trees grow as a collective colony of males. This colony is a single living organism with a unified roots system and identical genetic markers.

Pando is a word from Latin that means ‘I spread’. Pando trees are the oldest in the world, and their colony is made up of quaking aspen trees.

  • It might be challenging to get your hands on such an exotic tree for your yard. But, if you properly prune and maintain your trees, they are no less than exotic trees. We, at American Tree Experts Inc, offer a wide variety of services for your trees. So call us today at 973-774-6091 and get your quote ASAP!

Do Trees Help Change Climate?

do trees help change climate

Read below and discover how do trees help change climate

Climate change is a reality, and it affects everyone around the world. While cutting back on sources of pollution is one strategy to deal with climate change, planting more trees is considered a better and long-lasting solution. Read below to find out how trees help combat climate change.

Trees Purify Air

  • In the present day, CO2 is found abundantly almost everywhere on Earth. It is one of the harmful gases produced as a result of combustion, be it from vehicles, industries, or a forest fire. CO2 is lighter than air, and it goes towards the upper atmosphere. There it acts as a blanket around the Earth, trapping heat.

As a result, we experience an annual increase in temperature. This annual temperature increase results in other problems such as irregular weather patterns, heat waves, floods, and damage to the natural ecosystem.

  • Trees require CO2 from the atmosphere as an essential component for photosynthesis. As a result of photosynthesis, trees produce energy for themselves alongside oxygen and water. If enough trees are planted, then the excess CO2 from the atmosphere can be absorbed quickly, thus having a purifying effect.

Trees Act As Natural Air Conditioners

  • Trees produce oxygen and water from photosynthesis. The tree leaves have tiny openings called stomata. Water exits the leaves via stomata. This effect results in the general cooling of the environment.

Contrary to trees, civil infrastructure, including asphalt roads, tends to absorb heat. These structures then radiate heat, even during nighttime, thus making the environment warmer.

  • If enough trees are planted, this heating effect can be minimized. Trees should be kept in good shape for optimal growth. Regular pruning keeps the trees healthy. Hire a professional tree pruning company so trees in urban settings can be pruned for maximum growth.

Trees Conserve Water

  • A typical tree requires almost 15 gallons of water per day to function normally; however, the same tree gives back about 200-450 gallons of water to the environment daily.

If the tree has an adequate leaf cover, its shade helps protect the ground and the vegetation around its trunk. The shade prevents direct sunlight from reaching the ground, and as a result, evaporation is slowed down. As a result, the soil remains moist for a longer period.

Trees Filter Water & Prevent Water Pollution

  • The trees’ water cycle helps filter and conserve water. For example, the tree roots can absorb contaminated water from the soil, and filtered water vapors exit the tree leaves after photosynthesis.

Similarly, stormwater contains high levels of contaminants such as nitrogen and phosphorus. Trees help reduce the impact of rainfall on the soil and promote its absorption into the soil. In this way, trees prevent stormwater from directly polluting the oceans and rivers.

Trees Protect Soil & Prevent Soil Erosion

  • trees help change climateThe tree root system is essential for absorbing water from the soil. The intricate web of roots helps to keep chunks of soil together. While this webbing of roots supports the tree, it also helps keep the soil in place.

Most tree roots travel several meters down and across from where the tree is located. If the area experiences unexpectedly high levels of rainfall, this root system helps prevent soil erosion.

  • The tree’s leaf cover also prevents soil erosion, especially if the soil is bare around the tree. The leaves act as a partial barrier against the rainfall, thus reducing the speed and force of the rain droplets. Hence, the damage to the soil is minimized, and soil erosion is prevented. It is essential to correctly prune the tree, so it does not lose more of its leaf cover than required.

A professionally pruned tree is your best defense against climate change and its negative effects. Hence, it is recommended to hire a professional tree pruning company. We at American Tree Experts Inc offer various services, including pruning, nutrient management, and pest control. So call us today at 973-774-6091 and let us help you keep your trees healthy.

What Are The Common Nutrient Deficiencies in Trees and How to Identify Them?

what are nutrient deficiencies in trees 

Read on to learn about the most frequent nutrient deficiencies in trees, as well as how to diagnose and correct them

An adequate supply of nutrients helps plants grow properly and protects against various diseases. A plant absorbs a majority of the nutrients via roots in the soil. Therefore, the soil must be regularly mixed with fertilizers and compost. Read below to identify the most common nutrient deficiencies in plants.

Nitrogen Deficiency

  • Nitrogen is a core nutrient for plants, as it helps with the growth of leafy foliage. The plant absorbs most of the nitrogen through the soil via its extensive roots. Nitrogen is highly water-soluble. If there is a long rain spell during the winter season, nitrogen is at risk of being washed out of the soil.

This situation will result in a nitrogen deficiency in the soil and, consequently, a deficiency in the plant itself. Following the winter season, the plant would require an adequate nitrogen supply for growing its new shoots and leaves for the spring season.

  • If a plant experiences nitrogen deficiency, its leaves turn yellowish and sometimes have pink dots. The plant’s growth is stunted, and it appears spindly. If your plant has yellow leaves during the spring season, it is experiencing a nitrogen deficiency.

A nitrogen deficiency can be cured by thoroughly mixing manure or compost in the soil. You can also add nitrogen fertilizers by yourselves or hire the services of a professional tree nutrient management company.

Potassium Deficiency

  • Potassium is essential for managing the water uptake process from the plant’s roots and regulating photosynthesis. Photosynthesis allows the plants to utilize sunlight and convert it into energy.

Potassium also aids in promoting the plant’s flowering, hardiness, and fruiting. A plant experiencing potassium deficiency will have yellow leaves with brown edges. The plant will also exhibit less than normal amounts of flowers and fruits.

  • If the soil is sandy and chalky, then a potassium deficiency is highly likely as this type of soil is unable to hold potassium. To cure a plant suffering from potassium deficiency, consider using sulphate of potash (fertilizer) or compost made using tomato feed and sugar beet.

Phosphorus Deficiency

  • Phosphorus deficiency causes a plant to have slowed growth in addition to dull yellowish foliage. It also affects the plant’s roots thus affecting water and nutrient uptake. This results in more nutrient deficiencies for the plant.

Experts believe that soil shortages of phosphorus are uncommon, but not unheard of. If your area experiences high rainfall, and majority of the soil is heavy clay then phosphorus may be deficient in your soil. Super-phosphate and bone metal fertilizers can be used to return phosphorus levels to normal in the soil.

Magnesium Deficiency

  • Apples, tomatoes, grape vines, roses, raspberries, and rhododendrons are more prone to experience a magnesium deficiency. You will notice that the leaves are turning yellow, and have a reddish-brown tint near the veins. This is more prominent during the early autumn season.

It is important to differentiate the warning signs of a diseased plant from the warning signs of a nutrient deficient plant before starting the plant’s treatment. Magnesium allows a plant to have green and healthy foliage, as well as to efficiently carry out photosynthesis. If the soil in your area is light and sandy, then there might be a magnesium deficiency.

  • Magnesium deficiency can be remedied by using Epsom salt and dolomite limestone. However, you should take precautions as overuse might damage your plant instead of curing it of magnesium deficiency.

Manganese and Iron Deficiency

  • nutrient deficiencies in trees Manganese and iron are required for efficient photosynthesis by the plant. It aids the conversion of water and light into energy thus helping the plant grow healthily. A manganese and iron deficiency causes the leaves to turn yellow with brownish edges.

It is difficult for a plant to absorb manganese and iron from soil that is alkaline in nature. This problem is most prominent in Ericaceous plants. To get rid of this problem, simply add manganese and chelated iron treatments such as Sequestrene to the soil and near the plant roots.

If you suspect that your plants and trees are experiencing a nutrient deficiency, then why not get in touch with American Tree Experts Inc today. Call us at 973-774-6091 and let our nutrient management experts help you bring your garden back to life.

5 Common Summer Tree Pests That Can Harm Your Trees

common summer tree pests

Here is a list of the most common summer tree pests and how to protect your garden trees from them

Trees and plants are usually covered with insects of all shapes and sizes. As a result, it can be challenging to know if a particular insect is harmless or a pest. Read more about the five common summer tree pests that can harm your trees.

Fall Webworm

  • This pest is native to North America and is also found in some parts of Mexico and Canada. It is called a webworm because it creates webbed nests on the branches of hardwood trees spanning from summer until early fall during its larval stage. It is a famous tree pest that can wreak havoc on your trees if left unchecked. It is recommended to hire a tree pruning service provider to prune the affected branches to prevent the spread of the disease caused by Fall Webworm.

Fall webworms create extensive web-like nests on trees and can defoliate them, causing permanent damage. These pests are usually found in gardens, parks, and urban settings. If you notice a fall webworm nest in its early stages, you can get rid of this pest yourself.

  • You can poke a hole in its nest using a stick or twig. This will allow its natural predators to take care of it. Suppose your trees get affected by Fall webworms every year. You can grow flowers or plants around the tree to keep the pests away from it.

Forest Tent Caterpillar

  • This moth is originally from North America. They are mostly found in eastern parts of these countries. They lay eggs together on a silky sheet when they molt. They are easily distinguishable from other caterpillars and moths.

Forest Tent Caterpillar prefers oak, aspen, sugar maple, tupelo, and sweet gum trees to lay their eggs. They lay their eggs in a sticky substance called spumaline, which prevents the eggs from freezing or being damaged. Sometimes, the entire tree will be covered by their silky sheets and be completely devoid of leaves. If care is not taken, the tree might not recover from this pest and eventually die.

Nantucket Pine Tip Moth

  • This pest is also known as Rhyacionia frustrana. It is found all over the USA and in countries such as Mexico, Cuba, Honduras, Guatemala, and the Dominican Republic. It is one of the most invasive pest species and can wreak havoc on pine trees. Its larvae feed on Pinus cubensis, Pinus contorta, Pinus ponderosa, Pinus virginiana, etc.

When the larvae are young, they will feed on the seedling of the young plant and later make their way into the shoot tips and buds. These pests are responsible for tree mortality and deformation. There are very few options when it comes to their extermination. Although not recommended but the use of chemical insecticides can help you get rid of them from your trees.

Balsam Wooly Adelgid

  • Balsam Wooly Adelgid is a wingless insect known to infect and kill fir trees. They originated from Europe during the 1900s and have been infesting Fraser fir and Balsam fir trees ever since. However, since they are not native to the USA, the fir trees have not evolved to develop their defense mechanism against this pest.

This pest will lay close to a hundred eggs each season and continue for about three seasons. The result is an out-of-control population of pests that will damage and destroy your trees.

  • They attack the tree’s bark, especially in the fissures. They release certain chemicals from their saliva, which results in water stress in the trees and their eventual demise. They usually appear as small white dots across the tree’s branches and trunk. Unfortunately, the only way to get rid of this pest is by a chemical insecticide.

Aphids

  • 5 common summer tree pestsAphids are sap-sucking tiny insects, more commonly known as blackflies and greenflies. They are among the most invasive pests and affect cultivated plants in temperate climate regions. In addition to feeding on the plant’s sap, they also act as transmitters of plant diseases, especially viruses. These five warning signs will help you determine if your tree is diseased or not.

Aphids reproduce asexually; therefore, it is difficult to control their population. They have very few natural predators, although they can be repelled using garlic, chives, catnip, and an alcohol solution spray.

  • Sometimes a pest infestation can be controlled and eliminated by pruning the affected branches of the tree. If you are unsure whether your tree has been infested with a pest, then get in touch with American Tree Experts Inc today. Call us at 973-774-6091 today and let us help you with our wide range of services.

5 Trees That Require A Lot Of Water

5 trees that require a lot of water

Read on to learn about the trees that require a lot of water – Which trees can thrive in the climate of Montclair, New Jersey?

If you are located in an area that receives a lot of rainfall, then don’t let this predicament discourage you from planting trees in your garden. Read more below to learn about the five most water-intensive trees that can add to the beauty of your garden.

Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides)

  • The Atlantic white cedar is native to the East Coast of the USA. It is a famous wetland tree that grows excellent in moist soil. This tree is particularly found in areas where water has penetrated deep into the soil, eliminating any air pockets.

This tree has a very long life, over a few centuries. Because of its extensive root system and adaptation to wet soil, it is known to act as a water purifier. It regulates the flow of nutrients in the soil. Its roots are usually shallow, but if the soil is aerated then they will grow deeper thus forming a strong foundation for the tree.

Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)

  • The Black gum tree is native to USA and Mexico. It is a famous ornamental tree due to its beautiful autumn foliage. It is a slow-growing tree that reaches a height of about 50 meters when it is fully matured. It requires slightly acidic and highly moist soil to grow properly.

Most homeowners tend to grow Black gum trees as a group. If properly maintained by a professional tree pruning service, they can look stunning. Its leaves are dark green during the spring and summer. They change their color to a mixture of red, yellow, purple, and orange during the autumn season.

Red maple (Acer rubrum)

  • The Red maple tree is native to the eastern USA. It is a fast-growing deciduous tree. It is loved by homeowners because of its bright red leaves in the autumn season. Its red flowers start to grow once the tree is at least eight years old. This tree can grow to a height of 120 meters when it reaches full maturity.

Due to fewer branches growing at its trunk, it forms a beautiful crown shape which is ideal for shade in the summers. It is a highly water-intensive tree, that grows best in moist soil. One tree absorbs about five gallons of water each week.

River birch (Betula nigra)

  • The River birch is native to the eastern USA and is recognizable due to its peeling bark. When the tree is young, its bark is smooth. As it matures, the bark turns flaky and starts peeling off. When this tree is fully matured, it blooms to produce catkins. If you have a pollen allergy then this tree is not ideal for your home.

This tree lives for about 70 years and is fast growing. It can reach a height of 80 meters when fully matured. It is known as a River birch because its roots are adapted to survive a stream bank. If there is poor soil drainage in your garden, then this tree is the best for you to grow.

Red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa)

  • trees that require a lot of waterThe red elderberry is native to Asia, Europe, and the USA. It is a tree shrub that produces small fruits. These trees attract a lot of birds and small wildlife. It is a fast-growing tree that reaches a height of 12 meters when fully matured. It is often planted for its beautiful flowers and its attractive appearance.

This tree requires a lot of water to grow properly. It requires moist soil as well as humid conditions. If you have a rain garden, then this tree will add to the beauty of your garden.

  • If you are worried about pruning a tree without damaging it permanently, then contact American Tree Experts Inc today. We are a highly qualified team of tree cutting and pruning professionals based in Montclair, New Jersey. Call us today at 973-774-6091 for a free quote.

5 Warning Signs Of A Dead Tree

5 warning signs of a dead tree

Here is the list of 5 warning signs of a dead tree as well as precautionary measures to save them

Most homeowners plant trees to improve the overall appearance of their yards and gardens. Growing a tree requires significant care and time. Sometimes trees can get affected by disease and parasites. If preventive measures are taken promptly, then the tree can be saved from being cut. Read here below about the 5 warning signs displayed by a dead tree.

Damaged Leaves

  • The most prominent sign displayed by a dead tree is damaged leaves. Leaves can appear damaged in many ways. They may appear discolored, look shriveled, have abnormal growths or even fall too early. The exact nature of damage varies from tree to tree.

If your tree is in its early stages of the disease, then the damage might not be too apparent for you to notice. The best way to detect whether your tree is dead or dying is to regularly inspect your tree, its leaves, and its branches. You should familiarize yourself with what your tree looks like during normal periods.

  • You can even search for images on Google to know what your healthy tree looks like. Alternatively, you can take a picture of a leaf that you suspect is damaged. You can upload this image on Google Image search and see if your tree is suffering from a disease or not.

Leaves & Shoot Grow Out From The Lower End Of Branches

  • Most botanists believe that diseases in trees often start from the leaves and spread elsewhere. If you notice leaf and shoot growth from the lower end of the branches or at the lower end of the tree’s stem then there is something wrong with your tree.

Tree’s have an energy reserve that they can use for emergencies. The disease is affecting the tree’s ability to grow and flourish. The tree cannot normally grow leaves and shoot. Therefore it starts growing them in other places. This is an attempt by the tree to survive. If certain tree branches are affected by a disease, you can consider hiring a professional tree pruning service to fix this problem.

Decline In Leaf Cover & Shaded Area

  • A tree that has been affected by the disease and pests will lose its leaf cover and shaded area. The general rule of thumb is that if a tree loses more than 30% of its leaf cover then it is beyond saving. The decline in leaf cover can be due to both diseases and parasites and insects.

If this problem is not rectified timely, the tree can die out quickly. This is because a tree needs leaves for photosynthesis that converts sunlight into energy. If you suspect your tree has a declining lead cover, then you should first know what it looks like during a normal spring season. An internet search will help you see this.

  • Next, you should walk about a mile away from your tree and try to see if its leaf cover is appropriate according to its height. If you see through the tree’s leaves, then it means your tree is suffering from a leaf cover decline.

Too Many Dead Branches

  • If you notice too many dead branches on your tree, then it means that your tree is suffering from stress. This stress can be due to disease, parasites, and even insects. This stress is causing the tree to be unable to grow any leaves or branches, thus losing its ability to do photosynthesis effectively. Similarly, if you notice a hole in the canopy, then you should immediately take measures to save your tree.

The best way to determine if your tree has too many dead branches is to position yourself near the trunk of the tree. Next, you have to look up and try to see if all the branches have adequate leaf cover. If they don’t, then you must take preventive measures to save your tree before it has to be cut down.

Leaves Changing Color Too Early

  • warning signs of a dead treeDuring a normal growth lifecycle, leaves change color. They start as light green, become dark green when fully matured, and turn yellow or brown when they are about to fall. Some trees have leaves of different colors and are planted for their ornamental beauty.

If you notice that your tree’s leaves are changing color earlier than they should, then it could be a sign of an underlying problem such as a tree disease. If the tree detects it has diseased leaves, it will attempt to get rid of them. It helps the tree stop the disease at the source and prevents it from spreading to other parts of the tree.

  • Experts recommend hiring a professional tree pruning service to inspect your tree and effectively cut out all the diseased branches. If you are worried your trees are affected by the disease, then contact American Tree Experts Inc today. We are one of the best tree pruning and cutting services in Montclair, New Jersey. Call us today at 973-774-6091 for a free quote.

Top 5 Fastest Growing Trees For Your Yard

5 fastest growing trees

Read on to discover a list of fastest growing trees that improve the appearance of your yard

Not all trees are slow growers, and you don’t have to wait for decades until you can enjoy its beautiful blooming flowers and fruit. Read more below about the top five fastest-growing trees that you should consider planting in your yard. They will add beauty to your yard’s appearance and improve the fertility of the soil and attract a variety of wildlife.

Rowan (Sorbus aucuparia)

  • Rowan is commonly planted in public parks and areas because of its beautiful burnt red autumn foliage. It has a distinct brownish silver bark. When it is fully matured, it grows to be 8-15m in height while its annual growth rate is about 20-40cm. The tree blooms bunches of white flowers during the spring season and then bears orange and red berries.

The fruit is edible and is often used to make rowan jelly. It is full of essential nutrients and is considered a treat by most homeowners. Rowan’s flowers and fruits attract many wildlife and a variety of insects. Caterpillars eat their leaves, while pollen and nectar attract bees and insects.

  • You can expect to see redwing, mistle thrush, and blackbird eating its fruit on a usual summer day. This tree can adapt to a wide variety of soil conditions, but well-drained soil is the perfect fit for it. The beauty of this tree can be enhanced by hiring a professional tree pruning service for regular cuttings.

Alder (Alnus glutinosa)

  • Alder is one of the most popular trees among homeowners for their yard. Its height is about 20cm when fully matured, while its annual growth rate is 60cm. It has a pyramid shape with rounded dark green leaves.

It bears groups of pinecone look-alike fruits that stay on its branches during the winter. Alder is known to increase soil fertility due to its amazing root system. Thus it can increase the overall health of your yard’s plants. In addition to its beautiful appearance, Alder attracts a variety of birds and wildlife.

  • The catkins produced by this tree are a source of food and pollen for bees and birds such as goldfinch and siskin. If you suffer from a pollen allergy, then you should avoid planting this tree. Alder can tolerate both damp and dry soil conditions. If the soil is damp, it can grow to a full tree. However, if the soil is usually dry, it grows into a bush.

Hazel (Corylus avellana)

  • The hazel tree grows to about 10m in height when fully matured and has an annual growth rate of about 40-60cm. The hazel tree produces the famous hazelnuts, which can be used as an important ingredient in many recipes.

The hazel tree attracts woodpeckers, jays, squirrels, wood mice, and bank voles that feast on its nuts. This tree requires regular pruning and care. It is shade tolerant and grows well in well-drained non-acidic soil.

Common beech (Fagus sylvaticafastest growing trees)

  • The common beech tree is famous for its copper-bronze-colored leaves during the winter season. Unlike most other trees, these leaves remain on the branches until the next season when the tree grows new leaves. At maturity, this tree can achieve a height of 40m with an annual growth rate of 30-60cm.

In addition to its appearance, this tree is planted because its seeds attract squirrels and birds. This tree requires well-drained soil and can thrive in direct sun as well as partial shade. However, if the soil is damp or waterlogged, then this tree will not survive.

Silver birch (Betula pendula)

  • The silver birch is known for its uniquely-shaped leaves and their changing color through different seasons. The leaves start as green, turn yellow during pre-fall, and are finally golden in the autumn season. The silver birch can grow to about 15-20m when fully matured, with an annual growth rate of 40cm.

The silver birch produces catkins. The tree attracts a variety of birds for the seeds it produces. It requires sandy and acidic soils to grow properly. It can tolerate a wide variety of environmental conditions and survive well.

  • Effective pruning helps a tree grow properly and adds to its beauty as well. If you want the trees in your yard to look appealing, then contact American Tree Experts Inc today. We are a team of highly skilled tree pruning experts working in Montclair, New Jersey. Call us today at 973-774-6091 and get your free pruning quote.

5 Trees That Require Less Water

5 trees that require less water

Read on to discover a list of trees that require less water and can withstand the hardest conditions

Living in an area with minimum rainfall and harsh environmental conditions should not discourage you from planting trees in your yard. Read more below about 5 trees that you can plant and increase the beauty of your yard.

Bur Oak (Quercus macrocarpa)

  • Bur Oak tree is native to the Great Lakes region and is one of the best known drought-resistant trees. It has a long life, with some trees living up to 300 years. It has a deep root system, strong branches, and a dense shade. It is widely known for its durability against extreme weather conditions and can survive an insect outbreak.

It produces chestnut-like acorns in the spring season after blooming. These chestnuts attract wildlife such as squirrels, rabbits, and squirrels. Due to its dense leaf cover, it is a favorite among many species of birds for nesting. Its flowers also attract bees and butterflies.

  • On the USDA Hardiness Zone, it ranks 3-8. It requires sandy, well-drained soil and is a deciduous tree. When fully matured it can grow up to 80 feet in height and 70 – 80 feet wide. By hiring a professional tree pruning service, you can beautify this tree’s overall appearance.

Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

  • The Eastern Red Cedar tree is a conifer that is native to the east coast of the USA. It is a dense evergreen tree that is known to survive dry and harsh weather conditions. It grows into a pyramid-like structure with deep green and blue needles. They are sometimes grown together to function as a windbreaker.

This tree can survive nutrient-poor salty soil, and due to its excellent root network, can live without water for weeks. The male tree produces yellow pollen cones, while the female trees produce seed cones that are similar to frosty blueberries. If you are allergic to pollen, then you should avoid this tree in your yard.

  • The Eastern Red Cedar has a USDA Hardiness Zone of 2-9 and requires sandy, well-drained soil. When fully matured it can grow up to 40 feet tall and about 20 feet wide.

Maidenhair Tree (Ginkgo biloba)

  • The Maidenhair Tree is one of the oldest surviving tree species on the planet. It has been in existence since prehistoric times. It has fan-shaped leaves that turn golden during the autumn season. One of the main reasons for the Maidenhair Tree being able to survive almost 200 million years is its ability to get through harsh weather conditions.

This tree remains unaffected by air pollution, especially the kind that is found in cities. On the USDA Hardiness Zone, it ranks 3-9. It requires well-drained sandy soil for achieving its full growth. When fully matured, it can reach a height up to 80 feet tall and about 40 feet wide.

Golden Rain Tree (Koelreuteria paniculata)

  • trees that require less waterThe Golden Rain Tree is named after its summer season blooming flowers. The flowers are shaped like stars which attract bees and butterflies for their pollen. During the summer season, when these flowers fall they resemble a golden shower, hence the name Golden Rain Tree.

This tree is well suited to grow in urban environments, particularly with high amounts of air pollution. It can survive dust, smoke, exhaust gases, pests, disease, heat, and heavy gusts of wind. USDA Hardiness Zone ranks it as 5-9, and it requires a sandy neutral to slightly alkaline well-drained soil to grow. This tree can achieve a height of 40 feet and a width of 35 feet when it has fully matured.

Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis)

  • The Eastern Redbud is a tree native to North America. It has a spectacular view in the spring season when it appears pink and lavender. This tree blooms in early spring and has yellowish golden foliage in autumn.

This tree attracts a variety of wildlife such as hummingbirds, bees, butterflies, and several species of birds, such as the rose-breasted grosbeak. On the USDA Hardiness Zone, it ranks as 4-9. It requires light, moist soil but can survive in clay as well. When fully matured it can grow up to 30 feet tall and 25 feet wide.