American Tree Experts

Understanding The Tree Damage Caused By Spider Mites

tree damage caused by spider mites

Read this before it’s too late – Essential tips for understanding and preventing tree damage caused by spider mites

Spider mites pose a significant threat to your trees and plants, often going unnoticed until signs of infestation appear. Despite their small size, these pests can cause considerable damage to trees. Continue reading to understand the damage caused by spider mites and effective techniques for eliminating them from your plants.

Tree Damage Caused by Spider Mites

  • Spider mites damage trees and plants through feeding and webbing.

Feeding Damage

  • Spider mites extract nutrients and chlorophyll directly from the leaves of plants. Since they are small, they typically do so in a cell-by-cell manner. Initially, the signs of their feeding appear as tiny brown or dry spots beneath the leaves.

While they are hard to notice at first, their reproduction can quickly increase, leading to a proliferation that can affect an entire leaf within a day. The affected leaves undergo color changes, turning dark yellow or brown, with edges curling up and drying out eventually.

Webbing Damage

  • The majority of spider mite species are notorious for constructing spider-like webs to hide and protect their eggs. This webbing is initiated by females immediately after laying eggs. The webbing acts as a barrier, preventing water and light from reaching the tree and impairing the essential photosynthesis processes crucial for the plant’s survival. The extent of damage caused by spider mites varies depending on the plant species. While some plants may only become aesthetically unpleasant, others die completely.

Fragile species such as roses and African violets are particularly vulnerable to spider mite infestations. In addition, spider mites may induce sunburn damage or stunting in tomatoes or peppers. As a result, the overall health of the plant deteriorates due to disrupted photosynthesis. Furthermore, crops such as beans, peas, or any pod-bearing plants are at risk of losing their entire harvest, as spider mites feed directly on the pods.

Preventing Spider Mite Damage

  • The primary defense strategy involves quarantine measures. Always ensure that any new plants introduced into your landscape are thoroughly inspected. This precaution is particularly crucial for preventing spider mite infestations, as even a small number of unnoticed pests can multiply rapidly. In just five days, two or three mites can proliferate into five hundred, and within ten days, this number can reach twenty-five thousand.

For existing plants in your home, consider the following preventative measures:

Control The Environment

  • Spider mites thrive in hot and dry conditions. Maintain adequate hydration levels for your plants, protect leaves from direct sunlight, and periodically spray them with water to discourage pest infestation.

Dust Regularly

  • Dusting your plants frequently acts as a preventative measure and a means of early detection of potential pests. Pay close attention to the hidden surfaces beneath each leaf, and remove any accumulated dust at least once a week.

Rinse And Wipe Suspicious Leaves

  • Periodically, rinse and wipe the leaves of your plants with a moist cloth, particularly focusing on rose bushes. This should be done every few weeks, especially during the summer months.

Pest Control Strategies

  • tree damage caused by spiderRelocate an infested plant to a separate area, ideally far from other plants.
  • Exercise caution and carefully review product labels to ensure safety, efficacy, and compatibility with spider mites.
  • Keep in mind that spider mites are arachnids, not insects, so typical insecticides may prove ineffective against them.
  • Neem oil is a versatile horticultural remedy effective against various pests, including spider mites.
  • Using biological controls offers a family-friendly approach to prevent and eradicate spider mites without posing any risk to household pets.

If your tree has been infested with a pest, contact American Tree Experts Inc. today. Our pest control services can help rid your trees of harmful pests before their eggs hatch. Call us at (973) 774-6091 today and let us help you with our wide range of services.

Expert Tips For Pruning Your Trees

tips for pruning your trees

Here is the list of expert tips for pruning your trees for maximum beauty and health

Trees are pruned for various reasons, all aimed at enhancing the appearance and growth of the tree. While trees can grow without pruning, this regular upkeep ensures they reach their maximum potential and longevity. However, it’s crucial to prune the tree using proper methodology and techniques; otherwise, you risk causing more harm than good. In this guide, we’ll explore essential tips for tree pruning, covering fundamental and critical aspects of the process.

Prune Trees at The Right Time

  • Late fall and early winter are the ideal periods for pruning trees, while most evergreen trees benefit from light pruning in late winter. During this time, the absence of foliage allows for a clear view of the tree’s structure. It’s advisable to refrain from major tree pruning during maple sugar time, typically from January through early March in many regions.

For oak trees, which are susceptible to beetle attacks and oak wilt, it’s best to avoid pruning during late spring through midsummer when these pests are most active. Delaying pruning until fall or winter could exacerbate tree damage or facilitate infection, especially in the case of diseased branches. When dealing with diseased branches, sanitize the pruning blade by dipping it in a 10 % bleach solution between each cut to prevent disease transmission.

Remove Larger Branches in Steps

For larger branches, it’s advisable to remove them in three steps:

  • Begin by making a shallow cut on the underside of the branch, approximately 4-5 inches from the trunk.
  • Proceed to cut the branch off about 2-3 inches from the initial incision. This initial cut serves to prevent the bark from peeling down the side of the trunk when the weight of the unsupported branch causes it to fall.
  • Finally, make the last cut to remove the remaining stub. Ensure this cut is made just outside the branch collar, which is the slightly swollen area where the branch and trunk intersect.

Remove Damaged Branches First

  • The primary objective of tree pruning is to enhance its overall health. It’s crucial to prioritize the removal of any parts damaged by storms or disease. This ensures that nutrients are evenly redistributed to the tree’s healthy sections.

Before starting the pruning process, observe the tree’s major branches, which form its structural framework. Avoid removing these branches, as they play a vital role in providing support and nourishment to various other parts of the tree.

Remove Stub

  • Stubs often result when branches break off in the wind or are cut too far from the tree’s attachment point. It’s crucial to remove these stubs promptly. Leaving a stub can hinder the formation of a protective callus, leaving the wound vulnerable to insect infestation.

Once insects penetrate, moisture and decay can set in. When eliminating an old stub, take care not to cut into the swollen callus tissue forming near the trunk. This callus tissue is essential for sealing the wound effectively.

Gentle Pruning is Ideal

  • pruning your treesIt’s advisable to approach pruning with a gentle touch. Reserve heavy pruning for situations where the tree is severely infested or diseased. Each pruning cut weakens the tree’s immune system slightly, making it more susceptible to pests and fungal infections.

As a general guideline, avoid removing more than 25% of a tree’s branches in a single season. Ensuring that at least 75% of a deciduous tree remains adorned with living branches is essential. This coverage is vital for nutrient distribution and maintaining the tree’s ecosystem.

Following these tips will ensure healthy and beautifully sculpted trees. If you are new to gardening, call in the pros and let them prune your trees. American Tree Experts provides tree pruning and removal services in Montclair, New Jersey, and surrounding areas. Call them at (973) 834-7797 to get a free estimate of the services.

4 Must-Know Benefits Of Professional Tree Removal Services

benefits of tree removal services

Read this before you remove – Exploring the benefits of professional tree removal services

Tree removal experts are skilled in crown cleaning, stump grinding, dead tree removal, and all essential tree services essential for maintaining healthy greens. Professionals prioritize safety above all else and use top-notch techniques to quickly and securely remove trees. However, in addition to safety, there are numerous advantages to enlisting professional tree removal services. Keep reading to learn about them.

Reduce the Risk of Injuries

  • Injuries often occur when homeowners opt for amateur tree removal or attempt the task themselves. Moreover, improper use of tree-cutting equipment can lead to accidents. To mitigate the risk of property damage, it’s crucial to enlist the services of professional tree removal services.

Tree removal companies have skilled and experienced professionals adept at safely removing trees and minimizing risks to lives and property. Utilizing advanced equipment and employing specific techniques, they minimize the likelihood of your tree falling in an undesirable direction, thus safeguarding your property from potential harm. Additionally, these companies have appropriate legal and insurance coverage, mitigating liability concerns even in the event of injuries.

Full Tree Extraction

  • While property owners may manage to remove some parts of a tree, certain sections remain beyond their reach. Moreover, attempting to remove tree roots near the property’s structures can pose a risk of damage.

Tree removal services have the expertise to extract tree components from around the home’s foundations safely. They can deal with various obstacles to access every part of the tree and ensure complete removal without causing harm to the property.

Access to the Best Equipment

  • Tree removal demands the appropriate tools and the correct safety gear to ensure a secure process. Essential instruments such as sharp saws and safety equipment are vital for safe tree removal. However, these tools may not be readily available to ordinary individuals.

Furthermore, even if one were to acquire such equipment, it’s not practical to invest in it for the removal of a single tree. Tree removal services are equipped with the necessary tools and undergo specialized training to address any challenges that may arise during the tree removal process. By leveraging their knowledge and resources, you can save time and money while safeguarding your property.

Time and Cost Efficiency

  • tree removal servicesRemoving a tree, even of moderate size, is a time-consuming task. Each branch must be carefully removed to avoid damage to the home, neighboring properties, or nearby trees. Furthermore, the stump must be excavated from the ground, adding to the complexity of the process. Executing these steps demands both time and specialized equipment.

Opting for a professional tree removal service allows homeowners to avoid the expense of purchasing such equipment themselves. Moreover, professionals prioritize flexibility, allowing you to schedule the removal process at your convenience. With efficient planning and expertise, professional services can finish the removal within 24 hours, ensuring a quick and hassle-free experience.

Tree removal services are essential under various circumstances:

  • When dealing with a dead or deteriorating tree.
  • To prevent potential tree damage during storms or high winds.
  • When tree roots pose a risk of structural damage to the property.
  • To enhance the aesthetic appeal of the property by removing excess trees.
  • When tree debris interferes with the functioning of solar panels.
  • To address or prevent pest infestations associated with the tree.
  • When a tree presents a risk of lightning strikes.
  • To clear space for property development projects.

For these reasons and more, hiring a professional tree removal service is the safest and most effective solution.

To get the most professional and affordable tree removal services, get in touch with American Tree Experts Inc. We are one of the best tree pruning and removal services in Montclair, New Jersey. Contact us today at (973) 774-6091 and book your consultation with our qualified arborists and specialists.

3 Common Types Of Organic Fertilizers And Their Usage

types of organic fertilizers

Boost blooms & banish blandness – Your guide to using organic fertilizers like a pro

Organic fertilizers contain natural materials, some of which can be sourced from the backyard. They contribute to the prolonged well-being of the soil, posing fewer risks to water supplies and the delicate microorganisms inhabiting the soil. Keep reading to explore different types of organic fertilizers and their appropriate usage.

Types of Organic Fertilizers

  • Organic fertilizers typically fall into three main categories: animal-derived, plant-based, and mineral-based.

Let’s explore each one in detail.

Plant-Based Fertilizers

  • Plant-based fertilizers, particularly compost, are among the simplest to produce at home. Compost can be made from kitchen scraps, yard trimmings, grass clippings, and other plant-based materials. The N-P-K ratio of compost varies based on its composition but is generally around 1-1-1, providing a well-balanced additive for gardens. Beyond its role as a fertilizer, compost enhances soil texture, promoting better water absorption.

Other plant-based fertilizers include kelp or seaweed meal, corn gluten meal, and alfalfa meal. Corn gluten meal is commonly applied to lawns and has shown weed-suppressing properties in addition to fertilization benefits. A noteworthy category of plant-based fertilizers is cover crops planted before or after a main crop in a vegetable bed. These crops minimize water run-off, prevent erosion, boost soil organic matter, and aid nutrient retention. Some, like clover, contribute to nitrogen fixation, enhancing its availability to plant roots.

Animal By-Products

  • Among the well-known organic fertilizers, animal by-products are a prominent category. Manure, derived from animals such as horses, cows, rabbits, or chickens, is widely utilized. Additionally, bat guano and worm castings (manure) are highly valued resources for garden enrichment. Various animal by-products include meals derived from bones, blood, or feathers of commercially slaughtered animals.

Fish emulsion and products containing shellfish are also used as fertilizers. The N-P-K ratio of animal-based fertilizers varies. Chicken manure, for instance, has an approximate ratio of 3-2.5-1.5, while cow manure presents a ratio of 1-1-1. Seaweed contributes a balanced ratio of trace minerals, and blood meal is nitrogen-rich, promoting early-season growth.

Mineral-Based Fertilizers

  • Mineral-based products are frequently utilized to address specific issues in gardening. One prevalent scenario involves soil pH, where the soil may lean towards acidity or alkalinity. Most gardens are around neutrality (pH 7.0). However, when aiming to cultivate acid-loving plants like blueberries or hydrangeas, altering the pH becomes essential.

Aluminum sulfate is used to lower pH, and lime to increase it. Rock phosphate is another common mineral-based fertilizer that enriches the soil with phosphate. Greensand is extracted from the ocean floor and contains iron oxide, magnesia, lime, and various trace minerals, fostering plant growth.

How to Apply Organic Fertilizers?

  • organic fertilizersOrganic fertilizers can be applied more generously to your plants. When using store-bought products, it’s crucial to follow the instructions provided. If you’re using homemade fertilizer, exercise caution, particularly when using manure. Allow the manure to age for four months to a year before applying it to your plants. Aged manure can be introduced into holes for planting shrubs or trees, scattered around mature plantings, or placed next to cultivated vegetables throughout the year.

For granular fertilizers like Greensand, a hand broadcaster can facilitate application in larger gardens, or you can evenly distribute handfuls around your plants. For greensand, it’s suggested to apply 50-100 pounds per 1,000 square feet. Some gardeners advocate for foliar feeding, involving dissolving fertilizer in water and spraying it on plant leaves. Compost tea, a popular variation, can be made by dissolving compost or worm castings in a five-gallon bucket filled with water.

Improve your tree growth with American Tree’s tailored nutrient solutions. Contact us today at (973) 744-6091 to access personalized organic and liquid injection fertilizers perfectly suited to fulfill your plants’ nutritional needs. We provide services in Montclair, New Jersey, and nearby areas. Let’s nurture your plants together.

5 Ways Cabling and Bracing Improve Tree Health

impact of cabling and braces on tree health

Learn the art of enhancing tree health – 5 must-know cabling and bracing techniques

Tree cabling and bracing are common practices essential for the preservation and prolonged lifespan of trees. As trees age or undergo stress from factors such as storms, structural weaknesses can occur. In such scenarios, tree cabling and bracing supplies a dependable solution to bolster weak branches and mitigate risks of property damage and injury. Keep reading to learn how cabling and bracing improve tree health.

Promote The Well-Being Of Your Trees

  • Tree cabling and bracing are strategies used to offer support to trees struggling with structural concerns. This technique is particularly advantageous for mature trees with vulnerable branches jeopardizing their overall health and stability. In addition, tree cabling and bracing play a crucial role in extending the life of trees.

Cabling involves installing flexible steel cables between major branches, mitigating excessive movement caused by factors such as wind or dense foliage. In contrast, bracing involves the use of threaded rods or braces to support weak or split branches, diminishing the risk of failure. Both techniques strengthen the compromised sections of the tree, enhancing its ability to withstand environmental pressures and ensuring its enduring health.

Decrease The Risk Of Damage

  • Tree cabling prevents the risk of damage caused by falling trees and protects homes, vehicles, and human lives. On the other hand, damaged trees can fall without warning, posing a significant threat to anyone in their way, including severe damage to parked cars.

In situations where a tree is at risk of falling in places where it shouldn’t, it is advisable to hire the services of a professional arborist to evaluate the tree’s needs and determine if cabling is a suitable option. Taking proactive measures can help prevent a potential incident from occurring.

Protect The Legacy Of Mature Trees

  • Mature trees contribute to visual aesthetics and play an ecological role by providing shade, enhancing air quality, and serving as habitats for diverse wildlife species. Unfortunately, the aging process, diseases, and external factors such as storms cause mature trees to become more vulnerable to structural challenges. In the absence of proper care and support, trees endure irreversible damage or, in severe cases, necessitate removal.

Tree cabling and bracing is an effective solution for preserving mature trees with compromised structures. Through strategic reinforcement of weak branches and restriction of excessive movement, these techniques strengthen the tree to maintain its natural form while mitigating the risk of branch failure. This preservation approach ensures the longevity of the green spaces, keeping them vibrant, functional, and aesthetically pleasing for generations to come.

Stimulate More Fruit Production

  • tree healthTrees that bear heavy fruit loads can strain their branches and increase the risk of breakage. Cabling provides additional support to heavy branches to distribute the weight of the fruit load evenly, preventing damage and promoting healthy growth.

As a result, a significant increase is seen in the fruit yield of trees such as apples, plums, pears, and quince. This technique is particularly useful for older fruit trees with weaker branches.

Promote Healthy Growth

  • Heavy wind can often eradicate the tops of older trees, leaving them vulnerable. However, cabling strengthens the structural integrity of a tree, promoting healthy growth and prolonging its lifespan.

In addition, cabling helps to distribute the weight of the tree’s crown, reducing the risk of branch failure and damage. As a result, the tree can continue to thrive and grow to its maximum potential.

At American Tree Experts, Inc., we offer the best services to keep your plants out of harm’s way. Our tree cabling service makes sure that your trees are secured and protected. Our most sought-after services are pruning, bracing, pest management, and nutritional management. We offer services in Montclair, New Jersey. Call us at (973) 744-6091 for a free quote.

Signs That Suggest It’s Time for Tree Removal

best time for tree removal

Read this before it’s too late – Signs pointing to essential tree removal

While trees offer numerous advantages, they can also pose hazards. As trees age or suffer damage, they can turn into potential threats to people and property. It’s crucial to recognize specific signs indicating the need for tree removal before removing a tree from your yard. Explore the top signs that indicate your tree requires removal.

The Presence Of Dead Or Dying Branches

  • The presence of dead or dying branches in a tree is often indicative of damage to its root zone. Factors such as saturated soil, compaction, or increased levels of salts can weaken trees, leading to branch death or the death of the entire tree. Identifying a dead or dying tree involves observing visible signs like peeling bark, absence of leaves or buds in spring, and stunted growth.

Dead branches on the tree may be present, posing a risk of breakage and potential harm to people or property. While these signs may seem subtle, it’s crucial to treat them seriously, as a dead tree poses significant risks to the surrounding area. Dead or dying trees should be promptly removed as they can become increasingly unstable and hazardous over time.

Leafless Tree Branches

  • Another sign of a dying tree is a lack of foliage or leafless branches. A dying tree shows only brown and brittle leaves during the growing season. Instead of dropping onto the ground, the dead leaves cling to the branches till winter. A stressed or dying evergreen tree will have red, yellow, or brown leaves.

However, leafless branches on one side of the tree could hint towards root damage or the presence of the pest. Dead leaves indicate an obstructed supply of nutrients from within the tree. Sometimes, the damage is irreversible and requires tree removal.

Signs of Structural Issues

  • A tree exhibiting significant structural issues, such as multiple trunks, deep cracks, or a noticeable lean, increases the risk of falling. Trees with compromised structural integrity, especially those with large branches, can pose threats not only to buildings and vehicles but also to pedestrians and nearby homeowners.

When evaluating trees for structural problems, it’s crucial to assess the strength of their limbs and branches. Even if the tree trunk appears structurally sound, weakly attached or dead branches may break and fall unexpectedly, posing risks of property damage and injury. If any of these warning signs are observed, it is advisable to seek the expertise of a certified arborist or a professional tree removal service. They can conduct a tree risk assessment to determine the necessary actions.

Presences of Pests and Fungus

  • tree removalTrees that are in the process of dying or under stress are a host to pests, including carpenter ants and beetles. Dead or dying branches are the preferred habitat for insects and pests. The depressed or discolored areas usually indicate fungus growth or bacterial infections. Cankers or mushrooms growing at the base of a tree are signs of trouble. They indicate tree rot in the trunk or roots.

Over time, the decay and rot will spread further within the tree, leading to a structural problem. It is crucial to consult with an arborist and opt for professional services if you are considering tree removal. An arborist will provide information about the tree’s health and the best way to remove it. In addition, an arborist will provide insight into the potential impacts of tree removal on the adjoining properties.

To get the most professional and affordable tree removal services, get in touch with American Tree Experts Inc. We are one of the best tree pruning and removal services in Montclair, New Jersey. Contact us today at (973) 774-6091 and book your consultation with our qualified arborists and specialists.

What Is Winter Tree Damage And How To Prevent It?

winter tree damage prevention

Explore the perils of winter – A guide on ‘what’ winter tree damage is and ‘how’ to thwart it!

While trees are generally resilient and stay dormant during winter, they are susceptible to damage from harsh winter conditions. Frost, ice, and dry air during the colder months can adversely affect various tree species. Excessive winter damage may lead to struggles for survival, even as the warmer months approach. This article provides information about tree damage to help you identify potential issues.

Snow Damage To Roots

  • Extreme cold temperatures can be harmful to tree roots. As the soil temperature drops fairly low, the roots begin to damage and eventually die. Moist soil holds heat better than dry soil. Therefore, it is better to water your trees properly in the fall. Mulch your trees before winter, and pay particular attention to young and shallow-rooted trees.

Frost heaving can expose the tree roots to cold air. Therefore, it is a good idea to lay a 2-4 inch layer of mulch under trees. Mulch will act as an insulator to protect the tree from cold. However, it is better to avoid mulching around the trunk. Otherwise, the mice may use it as shelter.

Damaged Caused by Temperature Fluctuations

  • Plants undergo dormancy in winter, shedding leaves and greenery, but trees remain exposed to the cold. However, it’s not the extreme cold that harms trees the most. It’s the rapid temperature fluctuations.

Gradual changes allow trees to acclimate, but sudden shifts, especially from warm to extremely cold, can cause significant damage. A mostly mild winter with a sudden cold snap can be more devastating than a consistently cold one. Understanding these temperature dynamics is crucial for protecting trees during the winter season.

Impact of Low Temperatures

  • A tree’s response to low temperatures is tied to its species and the climate zone. Native and hardy trees are accustomed to specific climate zones, so low temperatures pose minimal risk. These trees are naturally equipped to withstand the temperatures they encounter. However, non-native trees may suffer damage in climates beyond their natural range.

Consider planting less hardy trees in slightly shaded areas, such as around your house, a barn, or other trees. Statistics show that temperature fluctuations pose a more significant risk to non-native trees than extreme cold. However, except for very young trees, simple cold temperatures are unlikely to lead to a tree’s demise. Understanding these distinctions aids in effective tree management during winter.

Damage Caused By Snow and Ice

winter tree damage

However, if the snow is frozen in place, avoid attempting removal, as it may cause more harm than good. Ice, on the other hand, can be more problematic for trees. While regular icing is usually well-tolerated by native trees, severe ice storms may result in cracks and damage. Attempting to force ice off a tree can be detrimental. It’s advisable to let it melt naturally to prevent additional harm. You can take proactive measures to protect your trees during winter by differentiating the impact of snow and ice.

At American Tree Experts Inc., we offer the best services to keep your plants out of harm’s way. Our other most sought-after services are pruning, bracing, pest management, and nutritional management. We offer services in Mont Clair, New Jersey. Call us at (973) 744-6091 for a free quote.

Understanding Different Types Of Tree Pruning

different types of tree pruning

Branch out from beginner – 5 creative types of tree pruning to impress your neighborhood

Tree pruning offers numerous advantages, ensuring the health and strength of your trees. Removing heavy branches or diseased limbs can enhance the resistance to diseases. Unfortunately, many homeowners overlook the importance of professional tree trimming or pruning until it becomes urgent. This article highlights different types of tree pruning and their importance.

An Overview of Tree Pruning

  • Tree pruning removes dead, diseased, and loose tree branches to help protect against pests and diseases and promote growth. The branches that cross over one another or interfere with other parts of the tree are also removed.

This process enhances the shape, aesthetics, and health of a tree. Incorrect pruning, especially by untrained individuals, can stunt the plant’s growth, lead to pests, or even death of the tree. Therefore, trees should be pruned by arborists with proper training and experience to ensure optimal pruning without cutting unnecessary branches.

Importance of Tree Pruning

  • Regular trimming reduces the number of overgrown branches, allowing you to assess the tree’s physical health better. This lets you quickly detect a disease or insect infestation and identify if something is wrong with the tree.
  • Trimming the unwanted branches will result in healthier fruit production. In addition, the decreased competition for nutrients and energy strengthens the fruit-bearing branches of the tree, allowing the tree to produce nutrient-rich and flavorful fruit.
  • Tree pruning can significantly influence the growth pattern of a tree. A tree can be guided to develop a specific arrangement of limbs and branches, which is more beneficial for its overall structural integrity. This careful maintenance reduces the risk of limb breakage and falling branches.
  • The energy a tree produces through photosynthesis is determined by the sunlight reaching its leaves. The tree cannot produce enough energy if overgrown branches block the sunlight. The amount of sunlight that reaches the leaves can be improved by trimming the unwanted branches.

Types of Tree Pruning

The common types of tree pruning include:

Crown Thinning

  • Crown thinning is a substantial tree pruning technique that eliminates smaller, weaker limbs from the upper sections of the tree. This action opens the tree canopy, enhancing air circulation and permitting more light to reach the lower branches and leaves.

Dead Pruning

  • Removing dead, dying, or diseased branches is a crucial aspect of tree care. Dead pruning eliminates infected limbs and enhances the visual appeal of the trees, instantly elevating your property’s curb appeal. The risk of injury to human life and property is also reduced by eradicating all dead branches.

Crown Reduction

  • Crown reduction is the ideal solution when the overall height of your trees is a cause for concern. This pruning method involves the removal of small branches attached to larger, heavier branches, preventing the trees from becoming excessively top-heavy.

Crown reduction is particularly useful for younger trees. Trimming the top part of young trees helps them grow tall and strong without the extra weight of small branches.

Crown Lifting

  • types of tree pruningCrown lifting is a pruning technique designed to eliminate low-hanging branches and limbs that exert downward pressure on higher ones. Typically applied to trees extending over sidewalks, roads, or homes, this process is more suitable for younger trees, as it may prove detrimental to larger, more mature ones.

Pollarding

  • Pollarding is a pruning method that removes all branches, leaving behind a framework of secondary branches along the main stem. This is done when trees are still young and continues regularly throughout their lifespan. Pollarding yields a steady supply of small-diameter poles without causing harm to the tree, ensuring sustainable tree management.

If you are looking for the best pruning and tree removal services for your trees, contact American Tree Experts Inc. today. We are a group of tree experts working in Montclair, New Jersey. Call us today at (973) 744-6091, and we will give you a fantastic quote for free.

The Top 8 Beneficial Insects for Your Plants

top beneficial insects for your plants

Read this before you reach for the insecticide – Unmasking the 8 most beneficial insects for your plants

When gardeners consider insects in their garden, the focus is typically on pests threatening ornamental and edible plants. However, it’s essential to note that most insects are not harmful, and some play a beneficial role by supporting plant health through pollination and pest control. Keep reading to learn about the beneficial insects for your plants.

Assassin Bugs

  • Assassin bugs, ranging from 2/5 to 4/5 inches long, come in various colors, including black, brown, and vibrant hues. With around 200 native species in North America, these long-lived predatory insects play a vital role in natural pest control. They have a diverse diet, preying on insects like aphids, beetles, caterpillars, flies, and leafhoppers. Their feeding method involves piercing their victims with a curved dagger-like beak and extracting bodily fluids.

It’s important to avoid direct contact with assassin bugs, as they can cause a painful, stinging bite. To attract assassin bugs to your garden, consider planting daisies, goldenrods, marigolds, Queen Anne’s lace, and herbs such as dill and fennel. Moreover, provides hiding places like wood piles, mulch, or leaf debris. These locations serve as strategic ambush points where assassin bugs can effectively prey on other insects.

Damsel Bug

  • Damsel bugs are native to North America. These slender insects can grow up to ½-inch long in brown, black, or beige coloring. These beneficial predators are most active during the summer months. Both adults and larvae play an essential role in pest control, preying on various soft-shelled insects, including aphids, cabbage worms, small caterpillars, spider mites, and thrips.

Consider planting caraway, fennel, and spearmint to attract damsel bugs to your garden. Additionally, they are drawn to crops such as alfalfa, clover, and soybeans. Allow adult damsel bugs to overwinter in protected sites with ground cover plants or leaf debris. It is advisable to leave garden beds undisturbed until spring to provide suitable conditions for their continued presence.

Bees

  • Bees are essential pollinators, crucial in plant reproduction and crop yield. This diverse group of beneficial insects includes honeybees, bumble, mason, and native bees. Cultivate various flowering plants, including native species that serve as a nectar food source to attract bees to your garden. A few excellent plant choices for bees are asters, chives, coneflowers, and sunflowers.

Consider providing bee houses for mason and other hole-nesting bees, offering shelter and nesting spaces to maintain a bee-friendly environment in your yard. Leave patches of bare soil for bumblebees, as they often nest in underground tunnels beneath the soil. Additionally, strategically place shallow water dishes around your yard, with small rocks or pebbles for bees to stand on while drinking.

Garden Spider

  • beneficial insects for your plantsGarden spiders are 8-legged predators and belong to the arachnid family. They construct webs to ensnare pests like aphids, beetles, caterpillars, fruit flies, and grasshoppers. Once the web is spun, the garden spider patiently waits for its prey to become entangled, injecting venom to immobilize it. The captured prey may be consumed immediately or stored for future consumption.

Create spaces around your yard that provide sufficient room for spiders to spin their webs. To maintain spiders in your yard, offer protection from the elements, such as mulch, grass clippings, or dead leaves. Additionally, consider providing sheltered areas, such as empty flower pots turned on their side, or protected spaces around your home’s exterior where spiders can seek refuge.

If your tree has been infested with a pest, contact American Tree Experts Inc. today. Our pest control services can help rid your trees of harmful pests before their eggs hatch. Call us at (973) 774-6091 today and let us help you with our wide range of services.

6 Reasons Why Your Tree Is Dying

discover why your tree is dying

From blight to bark beetles – The definitive guide to identifying the 6 reasons why your tree is dying

Trees show extraordinary resilience in defending against stressors threatening their roots, trunk, limbs, and leaves. However, several factors can adversely affect the tree, causing premature death. Understanding these factors is crucial for effectively safeguarding the health and longevity of your tree. We have outlined the common factors that can lead to tree death. Keep reading to gain insights.

Unfavorable Environmental Conditions

  • The conditions of the ground and site where a tree lives play a substantial role in determining the environmental challenges it faces. A tree’s susceptibility to stressors is linked to its ability to adapt to its surroundings. For instance, if a tree sensitive to drought is planted in a dry environment during drought conditions, it may succumb due to insufficient water.

Additionally, it becomes vulnerable to other life-threatening factors. Environmental stressors for trees include various conditions, including poorly draining soils, saline soils, arid soils, air and ground pollution, intense sun exposure, cold spots, etc. When planting trees, it is crucial to consider the genetic tolerance of the species to specific environmental conditions.

Invasive Pathogens

  • Virulent diseases like Dutch elm disease and chestnut blight have destroyed entire North American forests, causing sudden and widespread tree death. However, the more insidious diseases, such as Armillaria root rot, oak wilt, and anthracnose, quietly contribute to substantial tree losses, affecting forest and yard trees. These diseases infiltrate trees through leaves, roots, and bark wounds, compromising the vascular system if left untreated.

Therefore, it is crucial to identify the invasive pathogens and address them to save your landscape. Some insects attack trees weakened by environmental issues or diseases. In addition to directly causing tree death, these insects facilitate the spread of harmful fungi, posing a double threat to surrounding trees. These pests include pine beetles, the gypsy moth, and emerald ash borers.

Emerald Ash Borer Attack

  • Another prevalent pest is the emerald ash borer. This invasive wood-boring insect poses a significant threat by infesting and harming native North American ash trees.

These borers affect the tree’s vascular system, but the damage they cause is often harder to detect. Observable symptoms include canopy dieback and D-shaped exit holes in the bark, typically near the base of the affected tree.

Catastrophic Events

  • Catastrophic events pose risks, damaging or destroying properties, including trees. Forest fires, tornado-strength winds, heavy ice deposition on sensitive tree species, slow-receding floods, and prolonged droughts contribute to significant tree losses.

Even when not immediately fatal, such events affect a tree’s health, making it susceptible to insect infestations and diseases.

The Aging Process

  • Trees that endure external challenges and mature into old age succumb to the natural dying process, often spanning centuries in long-lived species. Modular compartmentalization helps trees survive damage and infections, but as growth slows post-maturity, the tree’s ability to self-sustain diminishes.

Insufficient foliage for hydration and nourishment, along with epicormic sprouts, signals the slow decline of an old tree. Ultimately, it crumbles, contributing to the nutrient pool and topsoil for future generations of trees.

Improper Mulching

  • why your tree is dyingMany individuals pile mulch against their tree trunks, thinking it’s beneficial. However, this practice can lead to adverse effects. The mulch retains moisture, creating a damp environment against the tree trunk. Unfortunately, this persistent moisture becomes a breeding ground for rot and decay in the tree’s bark layer.

We can treat and prevent your trees from becoming infected and help already infected trees. At American Tree Experts, Inc., we offer the best services to keep your plants out of harm’s way. Our pest management services protect your trees from pests throughout the year. Our most sought-after services are pruning, bracing, pest, and nutritional management. We offer services in Montclair, New Jersey. Call us at (973) 744-6091 for a free quote.