American Tree Experts

Signs That Suggest It’s Time for Tree Removal

best time for tree removal

Read this before it’s too late – Signs pointing to essential tree removal

While trees offer numerous advantages, they can also pose hazards. As trees age or suffer damage, they can turn into potential threats to people and property. It’s crucial to recognize specific signs indicating the need for tree removal before removing a tree from your yard. Explore the top signs that indicate your tree requires removal.

The Presence Of Dead Or Dying Branches

  • The presence of dead or dying branches in a tree is often indicative of damage to its root zone. Factors such as saturated soil, compaction, or increased levels of salts can weaken trees, leading to branch death or the death of the entire tree. Identifying a dead or dying tree involves observing visible signs like peeling bark, absence of leaves or buds in spring, and stunted growth.

Dead branches on the tree may be present, posing a risk of breakage and potential harm to people or property. While these signs may seem subtle, it’s crucial to treat them seriously, as a dead tree poses significant risks to the surrounding area. Dead or dying trees should be promptly removed as they can become increasingly unstable and hazardous over time.

Leafless Tree Branches

  • Another sign of a dying tree is a lack of foliage or leafless branches. A dying tree shows only brown and brittle leaves during the growing season. Instead of dropping onto the ground, the dead leaves cling to the branches till winter. A stressed or dying evergreen tree will have red, yellow, or brown leaves.

However, leafless branches on one side of the tree could hint towards root damage or the presence of the pest. Dead leaves indicate an obstructed supply of nutrients from within the tree. Sometimes, the damage is irreversible and requires tree removal.

Signs of Structural Issues

  • A tree exhibiting significant structural issues, such as multiple trunks, deep cracks, or a noticeable lean, increases the risk of falling. Trees with compromised structural integrity, especially those with large branches, can pose threats not only to buildings and vehicles but also to pedestrians and nearby homeowners.

When evaluating trees for structural problems, it’s crucial to assess the strength of their limbs and branches. Even if the tree trunk appears structurally sound, weakly attached or dead branches may break and fall unexpectedly, posing risks of property damage and injury. If any of these warning signs are observed, it is advisable to seek the expertise of a certified arborist or a professional tree removal service. They can conduct a tree risk assessment to determine the necessary actions.

Presences of Pests and Fungus

  • tree removalTrees that are in the process of dying or under stress are a host to pests, including carpenter ants and beetles. Dead or dying branches are the preferred habitat for insects and pests. The depressed or discolored areas usually indicate fungus growth or bacterial infections. Cankers or mushrooms growing at the base of a tree are signs of trouble. They indicate tree rot in the trunk or roots.

Over time, the decay and rot will spread further within the tree, leading to a structural problem. It is crucial to consult with an arborist and opt for professional services if you are considering tree removal. An arborist will provide information about the tree’s health and the best way to remove it. In addition, an arborist will provide insight into the potential impacts of tree removal on the adjoining properties.

To get the most professional and affordable tree removal services, get in touch with American Tree Experts Inc. We are one of the best tree pruning and removal services in Montclair, New Jersey. Contact us today at (973) 774-6091 and book your consultation with our qualified arborists and specialists.

What Is Winter Tree Damage And How To Prevent It?

winter tree damage prevention

Explore the perils of winter – A guide on ‘what’ winter tree damage is and ‘how’ to thwart it!

While trees are generally resilient and stay dormant during winter, they are susceptible to damage from harsh winter conditions. Frost, ice, and dry air during the colder months can adversely affect various tree species. Excessive winter damage may lead to struggles for survival, even as the warmer months approach. This article provides information about tree damage to help you identify potential issues.

Snow Damage To Roots

  • Extreme cold temperatures can be harmful to tree roots. As the soil temperature drops fairly low, the roots begin to damage and eventually die. Moist soil holds heat better than dry soil. Therefore, it is better to water your trees properly in the fall. Mulch your trees before winter, and pay particular attention to young and shallow-rooted trees.

Frost heaving can expose the tree roots to cold air. Therefore, it is a good idea to lay a 2-4 inch layer of mulch under trees. Mulch will act as an insulator to protect the tree from cold. However, it is better to avoid mulching around the trunk. Otherwise, the mice may use it as shelter.

Damaged Caused by Temperature Fluctuations

  • Plants undergo dormancy in winter, shedding leaves and greenery, but trees remain exposed to the cold. However, it’s not the extreme cold that harms trees the most. It’s the rapid temperature fluctuations.

Gradual changes allow trees to acclimate, but sudden shifts, especially from warm to extremely cold, can cause significant damage. A mostly mild winter with a sudden cold snap can be more devastating than a consistently cold one. Understanding these temperature dynamics is crucial for protecting trees during the winter season.

Impact of Low Temperatures

  • A tree’s response to low temperatures is tied to its species and the climate zone. Native and hardy trees are accustomed to specific climate zones, so low temperatures pose minimal risk. These trees are naturally equipped to withstand the temperatures they encounter. However, non-native trees may suffer damage in climates beyond their natural range.

Consider planting less hardy trees in slightly shaded areas, such as around your house, a barn, or other trees. Statistics show that temperature fluctuations pose a more significant risk to non-native trees than extreme cold. However, except for very young trees, simple cold temperatures are unlikely to lead to a tree’s demise. Understanding these distinctions aids in effective tree management during winter.

Damage Caused By Snow and Ice

winter tree damage

However, if the snow is frozen in place, avoid attempting removal, as it may cause more harm than good. Ice, on the other hand, can be more problematic for trees. While regular icing is usually well-tolerated by native trees, severe ice storms may result in cracks and damage. Attempting to force ice off a tree can be detrimental. It’s advisable to let it melt naturally to prevent additional harm. You can take proactive measures to protect your trees during winter by differentiating the impact of snow and ice.

At American Tree Experts Inc., we offer the best services to keep your plants out of harm’s way. Our other most sought-after services are pruning, bracing, pest management, and nutritional management. We offer services in Mont Clair, New Jersey. Call us at (973) 744-6091 for a free quote.

Understanding Different Types Of Tree Pruning

different types of tree pruning

Branch out from beginner – 5 creative types of tree pruning to impress your neighborhood

Tree pruning offers numerous advantages, ensuring the health and strength of your trees. Removing heavy branches or diseased limbs can enhance the resistance to diseases. Unfortunately, many homeowners overlook the importance of professional tree trimming or pruning until it becomes urgent. This article highlights different types of tree pruning and their importance.

An Overview of Tree Pruning

  • Tree pruning removes dead, diseased, and loose tree branches to help protect against pests and diseases and promote growth. The branches that cross over one another or interfere with other parts of the tree are also removed.

This process enhances the shape, aesthetics, and health of a tree. Incorrect pruning, especially by untrained individuals, can stunt the plant’s growth, lead to pests, or even death of the tree. Therefore, trees should be pruned by arborists with proper training and experience to ensure optimal pruning without cutting unnecessary branches.

Importance of Tree Pruning

  • Regular trimming reduces the number of overgrown branches, allowing you to assess the tree’s physical health better. This lets you quickly detect a disease or insect infestation and identify if something is wrong with the tree.
  • Trimming the unwanted branches will result in healthier fruit production. In addition, the decreased competition for nutrients and energy strengthens the fruit-bearing branches of the tree, allowing the tree to produce nutrient-rich and flavorful fruit.
  • Tree pruning can significantly influence the growth pattern of a tree. A tree can be guided to develop a specific arrangement of limbs and branches, which is more beneficial for its overall structural integrity. This careful maintenance reduces the risk of limb breakage and falling branches.
  • The energy a tree produces through photosynthesis is determined by the sunlight reaching its leaves. The tree cannot produce enough energy if overgrown branches block the sunlight. The amount of sunlight that reaches the leaves can be improved by trimming the unwanted branches.

Types of Tree Pruning

The common types of tree pruning include:

Crown Thinning

  • Crown thinning is a substantial tree pruning technique that eliminates smaller, weaker limbs from the upper sections of the tree. This action opens the tree canopy, enhancing air circulation and permitting more light to reach the lower branches and leaves.

Dead Pruning

  • Removing dead, dying, or diseased branches is a crucial aspect of tree care. Dead pruning eliminates infected limbs and enhances the visual appeal of the trees, instantly elevating your property’s curb appeal. The risk of injury to human life and property is also reduced by eradicating all dead branches.

Crown Reduction

  • Crown reduction is the ideal solution when the overall height of your trees is a cause for concern. This pruning method involves the removal of small branches attached to larger, heavier branches, preventing the trees from becoming excessively top-heavy.

Crown reduction is particularly useful for younger trees. Trimming the top part of young trees helps them grow tall and strong without the extra weight of small branches.

Crown Lifting

  • types of tree pruningCrown lifting is a pruning technique designed to eliminate low-hanging branches and limbs that exert downward pressure on higher ones. Typically applied to trees extending over sidewalks, roads, or homes, this process is more suitable for younger trees, as it may prove detrimental to larger, more mature ones.

Pollarding

  • Pollarding is a pruning method that removes all branches, leaving behind a framework of secondary branches along the main stem. This is done when trees are still young and continues regularly throughout their lifespan. Pollarding yields a steady supply of small-diameter poles without causing harm to the tree, ensuring sustainable tree management.

If you are looking for the best pruning and tree removal services for your trees, contact American Tree Experts Inc. today. We are a group of tree experts working in Montclair, New Jersey. Call us today at (973) 744-6091, and we will give you a fantastic quote for free.

The Top 8 Beneficial Insects for Your Plants

top beneficial insects for your plants

Read this before you reach for the insecticide – Unmasking the 8 most beneficial insects for your plants

When gardeners consider insects in their garden, the focus is typically on pests threatening ornamental and edible plants. However, it’s essential to note that most insects are not harmful, and some play a beneficial role by supporting plant health through pollination and pest control. Keep reading to learn about the beneficial insects for your plants.

Assassin Bugs

  • Assassin bugs, ranging from 2/5 to 4/5 inches long, come in various colors, including black, brown, and vibrant hues. With around 200 native species in North America, these long-lived predatory insects play a vital role in natural pest control. They have a diverse diet, preying on insects like aphids, beetles, caterpillars, flies, and leafhoppers. Their feeding method involves piercing their victims with a curved dagger-like beak and extracting bodily fluids.

It’s important to avoid direct contact with assassin bugs, as they can cause a painful, stinging bite. To attract assassin bugs to your garden, consider planting daisies, goldenrods, marigolds, Queen Anne’s lace, and herbs such as dill and fennel. Moreover, provides hiding places like wood piles, mulch, or leaf debris. These locations serve as strategic ambush points where assassin bugs can effectively prey on other insects.

Damsel Bug

  • Damsel bugs are native to North America. These slender insects can grow up to ½-inch long in brown, black, or beige coloring. These beneficial predators are most active during the summer months. Both adults and larvae play an essential role in pest control, preying on various soft-shelled insects, including aphids, cabbage worms, small caterpillars, spider mites, and thrips.

Consider planting caraway, fennel, and spearmint to attract damsel bugs to your garden. Additionally, they are drawn to crops such as alfalfa, clover, and soybeans. Allow adult damsel bugs to overwinter in protected sites with ground cover plants or leaf debris. It is advisable to leave garden beds undisturbed until spring to provide suitable conditions for their continued presence.

Bees

  • Bees are essential pollinators, crucial in plant reproduction and crop yield. This diverse group of beneficial insects includes honeybees, bumble, mason, and native bees. Cultivate various flowering plants, including native species that serve as a nectar food source to attract bees to your garden. A few excellent plant choices for bees are asters, chives, coneflowers, and sunflowers.

Consider providing bee houses for mason and other hole-nesting bees, offering shelter and nesting spaces to maintain a bee-friendly environment in your yard. Leave patches of bare soil for bumblebees, as they often nest in underground tunnels beneath the soil. Additionally, strategically place shallow water dishes around your yard, with small rocks or pebbles for bees to stand on while drinking.

Garden Spider

  • beneficial insects for your plantsGarden spiders are 8-legged predators and belong to the arachnid family. They construct webs to ensnare pests like aphids, beetles, caterpillars, fruit flies, and grasshoppers. Once the web is spun, the garden spider patiently waits for its prey to become entangled, injecting venom to immobilize it. The captured prey may be consumed immediately or stored for future consumption.

Create spaces around your yard that provide sufficient room for spiders to spin their webs. To maintain spiders in your yard, offer protection from the elements, such as mulch, grass clippings, or dead leaves. Additionally, consider providing sheltered areas, such as empty flower pots turned on their side, or protected spaces around your home’s exterior where spiders can seek refuge.

If your tree has been infested with a pest, contact American Tree Experts Inc. today. Our pest control services can help rid your trees of harmful pests before their eggs hatch. Call us at (973) 774-6091 today and let us help you with our wide range of services.

6 Reasons Why Your Tree Is Dying

discover why your tree is dying

From blight to bark beetles – The definitive guide to identifying the 6 reasons why your tree is dying

Trees show extraordinary resilience in defending against stressors threatening their roots, trunk, limbs, and leaves. However, several factors can adversely affect the tree, causing premature death. Understanding these factors is crucial for effectively safeguarding the health and longevity of your tree. We have outlined the common factors that can lead to tree death. Keep reading to gain insights.

Unfavorable Environmental Conditions

  • The conditions of the ground and site where a tree lives play a substantial role in determining the environmental challenges it faces. A tree’s susceptibility to stressors is linked to its ability to adapt to its surroundings. For instance, if a tree sensitive to drought is planted in a dry environment during drought conditions, it may succumb due to insufficient water.

Additionally, it becomes vulnerable to other life-threatening factors. Environmental stressors for trees include various conditions, including poorly draining soils, saline soils, arid soils, air and ground pollution, intense sun exposure, cold spots, etc. When planting trees, it is crucial to consider the genetic tolerance of the species to specific environmental conditions.

Invasive Pathogens

  • Virulent diseases like Dutch elm disease and chestnut blight have destroyed entire North American forests, causing sudden and widespread tree death. However, the more insidious diseases, such as Armillaria root rot, oak wilt, and anthracnose, quietly contribute to substantial tree losses, affecting forest and yard trees. These diseases infiltrate trees through leaves, roots, and bark wounds, compromising the vascular system if left untreated.

Therefore, it is crucial to identify the invasive pathogens and address them to save your landscape. Some insects attack trees weakened by environmental issues or diseases. In addition to directly causing tree death, these insects facilitate the spread of harmful fungi, posing a double threat to surrounding trees. These pests include pine beetles, the gypsy moth, and emerald ash borers.

Emerald Ash Borer Attack

  • Another prevalent pest is the emerald ash borer. This invasive wood-boring insect poses a significant threat by infesting and harming native North American ash trees.

These borers affect the tree’s vascular system, but the damage they cause is often harder to detect. Observable symptoms include canopy dieback and D-shaped exit holes in the bark, typically near the base of the affected tree.

Catastrophic Events

  • Catastrophic events pose risks, damaging or destroying properties, including trees. Forest fires, tornado-strength winds, heavy ice deposition on sensitive tree species, slow-receding floods, and prolonged droughts contribute to significant tree losses.

Even when not immediately fatal, such events affect a tree’s health, making it susceptible to insect infestations and diseases.

The Aging Process

  • Trees that endure external challenges and mature into old age succumb to the natural dying process, often spanning centuries in long-lived species. Modular compartmentalization helps trees survive damage and infections, but as growth slows post-maturity, the tree’s ability to self-sustain diminishes.

Insufficient foliage for hydration and nourishment, along with epicormic sprouts, signals the slow decline of an old tree. Ultimately, it crumbles, contributing to the nutrient pool and topsoil for future generations of trees.

Improper Mulching

  • why your tree is dyingMany individuals pile mulch against their tree trunks, thinking it’s beneficial. However, this practice can lead to adverse effects. The mulch retains moisture, creating a damp environment against the tree trunk. Unfortunately, this persistent moisture becomes a breeding ground for rot and decay in the tree’s bark layer.

We can treat and prevent your trees from becoming infected and help already infected trees. At American Tree Experts, Inc., we offer the best services to keep your plants out of harm’s way. Our pest management services protect your trees from pests throughout the year. Our most sought-after services are pruning, bracing, pest, and nutritional management. We offer services in Montclair, New Jersey. Call us at (973) 744-6091 for a free quote.

3 Common Parasitic Plants That Are Harmful For Trees

common parasitic plants and their weaknesses

Learn to protect your tree treasures – A guide to recognizing and defeating 3 common parasitic plants

While most plants get their energy through photosynthesis, a few take a more cunning approach and steal their nutrition from other plants. Around 4,000 species of flowering plants have embraced parasitism as their survival mechanism. Read on to learn about parasitic plants that can harm your trees.

Harmful Parasitic Plants

  • Trees are an essential component of our natural landscapes, offering numerous benefits, from providing shade fruits to enhancing the overall aesthetic appeal of our surroundings. However, they face potential harm from parasitic plants that often go unnoticed. Failure to identify and eliminate these intruders can result in severe damage, hindering a tree’s growth and making it susceptible to diseases, pests, and structural failure.

Parasitic plants are incapable of producing essential nutrients independently. They latch onto other vegetation, particularly trees, to sustain themselves. Many lack chlorophyll, the crucial element for photosynthesis, making them reliant on healthy trees for essential nutrients. Therefore, identifying the presence of parasitic plants becomes crucial.

Let’s discover some of the most prevalent parasitic plants to help you identify and address these threats to ensure the well-being of your trees.

Dodder

  • Dodder, also known as Cuscuta californica, is a distinctive twining plant belonging to the Morning Glory family. Commonly referred to as chaparral dodder, this species typically displays a light orange-brown hue. Its unique appearance is often similar to spaghetti or silly string, characterized by a dense mass of vining stems.

Dodder cannot produce chlorophyll and has no typical green coloring. It extracts nutrients from its host plants. It can quickly proliferate without proper management, enveloping entire canopies and compromising the health of the host tree. This unchecked growth weakens the tree and renders it susceptible to other pests, parasites, and diseases.

Oak Mistletoe

  • Oak mistletoe, scientifically known as Phoradendron leucarpum, is a prevalent parasitic plant frequently found on numerous trees. The term “phoradendron” refers to “tree thief” due to the plant’s parasitic nature. It exhibits a distinctive appearance resembling green balls or clusters of leaves on tree branches. Oak mistletoe can grow into unsightly masses, reaching three feet tall. It poses a serious threat to the health of your tree.

This parasitic plant can affect over 100 different tree species, with a particular fondness for oaks. Oak mistletoe extracts nutrients and water from the host tree, gradually weakening it. If you detect any growth indicative of oak mistletoe, contacting an arborist for professional maintenance is crucial.

Dwarf Mistletoe

  • common parasitic plantsDwarf mistletoe, referred to as Arceuthobium, is another noteworthy parasitic plant. Its vibrant orange-yellow hue distinguishes this parasitic intruder. Unlike oak mistletoe, dwarf mistletoe is more spiny and less circular, exhibiting a unique and intricate structure. This parasitic plant can induce structural changes in trees, with one common manifestation being the occurrence of branch brooms, also known as witch brooms.

These anomalies resemble abnormal clusters of twigs sprouting from a singular branch, altering the tree’s natural architecture. The harmful effects of dwarf mistletoe on trees are far-reaching. Extracting vital nutrients from the host weakens the tree and increases its vulnerability to other harmful parasites and diseases. Therefore, remaining vigilant and proactive in identifying and addressing dwarf mistletoe is essential for the health and longevity of trees in affected areas.

Signs of Parasitic Growth

  • The common signs of tree infection include the peculiar occurrence of branch brooms, unusual bole swelling, and the emergence of tree cankers. If you observe these signs in a tree, quick action is imperative. Contacting an arborist can mitigate the potential consequences.

Concerned about potential parasites affecting your trees and plants? Waste no time and reach out to American Tree Experts. Our team specializes in Proactive Disease Management for the well-being of your plants and trees. Call us today at (973) 744-6091 for a complimentary estimate of our services. We operate in Mont Clair, New Jersey, and nearby areas.

Tree Fungus: A Comprehensive Guide to Identification and Prevention

how to prevent tree fungus

Why you should care – The hidden dangers of tree fungus and how to stop them

Your trees face various challenges throughout their lifetime, including the tree fungus. These fungi manifest in diverse forms, from seemingly benign shelf mushrooms to the more deadly Rhizosphaera Needle Cast. While you can’t completely cure a tree of fungus, you can restore your tree’s health and vitality. Read this guide to identify and mitigate the impact of tree fungus to keep your trees healthy and thriving.

What is Tree fungus?

  • Fungi are diverse spore-producing organisms and thrive on organic matter, including molds, yeast, mushrooms, and toadstools. These fungal species grow across North America and worldwide. Fungal infections can occur in several ways. For instance, mushrooms on a tree trunk often indicate the presence of wood decay fungi.

These infections can impact any part of a tree, resulting in infected branches, discolored tree bark, or dead wood. However, many fungi play beneficial roles, actively participating in decomposition and nutrient cycling within diverse ecosystems. Additionally, these fungi contribute to carbon dioxide fixation in the soil, preventing climate change.

Types of Fungi

  • While many fungi establish friendly relationships with trees in symbiosis, certain types of fungi can pose a threat and cause substantial damage. Two particularly hazardous types of fungus are root rot and collar rot, each capable of wreaking havoc on trees. Let’s explore these menacing varieties:

1. Root Rot

  • Root rot targets the roots of trees and indoor and outdoor plants. Infected tree roots transform, becoming slimy and mushy, hindering their ability to absorb water, oxygen, and nutrients.

Various fungi contribute to root rot, including:

Armillaria (Shoestring Fungus)

  • They affect various plants, including palms, succulents, and trees. Initial signs include dropping leaves, yellowing, and upper limb dieback.

Phytophthora

  • They typically infect trees and plants in poorly drained areas, leading to rapidly wilting and dying leaves and branches, especially in heat.

Pythium

  • Often linked to grass die-off but can also infect conifers and hardwoods, causing leaf, branch, and limb loss or stunted growth.

Fusarium

  • Commonly associated with stressed or injured trees, causing wilting, yellowing leaves, and decayed roots in various tree species.

Rhizoctonia

  • Primarily impacts seedlings and young trees, while rot symptoms in older trees may be attributed to another fungus.

Thielaviopsis (Black Root Rot)

  • Particularly threatening to palms, this fungus consumes the plant from the inside out, ultimately leading to its collapse.

They are typically associated with areas of poor drainage or persistent moisture. Addressing the issue promptly with expert guidance can often save the tree from irreversible damage.

2. Collar Rot

  • tree fungusCollar rot is a fungal infection that targets the collar. The collar is the portion right above the ground that widens beneath the trunk and above the root flare. The collar requires its place above ground to receive essential light nutrients and, crucially, to remain dry. Excessive water exposure or burial in the soil creates a favorable environment for collar rot. While Phytophthora is a common cause, several other species, both host-specific and more general, can contribute to collar rot.

Fruit trees, in particular, face increased vulnerability. Recognizing collar rot involves identifying symptoms such as cankers on the trunk between the soil line and crown roots, scattered yellow leaves appearing mid-season, a reddish or purple tint in the foliage by late September, and sparse foliage coupled with reduced vigor.

If you fear that your trees and plants are suffering from fungus, then waste no time and contact American Tree Experts. We provide effective and proactive Disease Management for plants and trees. Call us at (973) 744-6091 to get a free estimate of our services. We operate in Mont Clair, New Jersey, and nearby areas.

Understanding The Signs of Nutrient Deficiencies In Trees

causes of nutrient deficiencies in trees

The pros and cons of treating nutrient deficiencies in trees – Making informed decisions

Nutrient deficiencies commonly occur when plants do not receive a sufficient supply of essential nutrients necessary for their growth and development. Without these nutrients, plants will fail to grow, become susceptible to diseases, and show symptoms of nutrient deficiencies. Keep reading to explore signs that indicate your tree needs prompt nutrient supply.

Signs of Nitrogen Deficiency

  • When trees lack nitrogen, a noticeable yellowing of leaves becomes apparent. This is known as chlorosis. Also, leaves may exhibit more vibrant fall colors and premature drop, and the tree might produce small fruit.

Addressing nitrogen deficiencies involves fertilization, either through surface broadcasting or, preferably, deep-root fertilization. This treatment ensures nitrogen reaches the tree’s roots, subsequently being absorbed. It’s advisable to periodically address nitrogen deficiency in the soil for sustained tree health.

Signs of Phosphorus (P) Deficiency

Phosphorus is the second key element in fertilizers, and plants absorb it primarily in phosphate. This nutrient plays a crucial role in various processes, including:

  • Promotes photosynthesis
  • Facilitates protein formation
  • Supporting seed germination
  • Stimulates blooming
  • Expedites the budding phase

Furthermore, phosphorus leads to faster plant maturity. Plants experiencing a deficiency in phosphorus show distinctive signs, such as a purple or bronze discoloration on the undersides of older leaves. This coloration results from the accumulation of the pigment Anthocyanin. Affected plants exhibit slow growth and stunted development compared to their healthy counterparts.

Signs of Iron Deficiency

  • When trees and shrubs lack iron, the yellowing of leaves occurs. However, this yellowing is inconsistent across the leaf or the entire tree. The veins remain dark in iron-deficient leaves, while the surrounding tissue transitions to light green or yellow. Some trees may display symptoms on a single branch while the rest of the tree appears unaffected.

Treatment options include surface applications, deep root injection, and foliar sprays. High soil pH can exacerbate iron deficiency, rendering it unavailable for plants. This is often observed in soil around new buildings contaminated by lime in mortar from block, brick, or stucco, raising the pH and limiting iron availability. In such cases, addressing soil pH is crucial to making nutrients accessible for optimal plant health.

Signs of Manganese Deficiency

  • Trees experiencing a shortage of manganese display symptoms similar to iron deficiency, with yellow leaves featuring green veins. Additionally, these leaves may appear wilted, and the fruit may be smaller than usual.

Treatment options involve foliar sprays and soil applications. Like iron, manganese becomes less available in soils with high pH, necessitating attention when pH limits manganese availability.

Signs of Potassium (K) Deficiency

  • nutrient deficiencies in treesPotassium is another major component in fertilizers and is needed by plants to support sugar formation for protein synthesis, cell division, and root development. Additionally, potassium makes plants more resistant to diseases and pests.

A deficiency of potassium appears in the form of leaf edge chlorosis on newly matured leaves. If the deficiency is not promptly addressed, necrosis spreads from the leaf edge to the midrib. The chlorosis associated with potassium deficiency is irreversible even if potassium is supplied to plants.

Addressing Nutrient Deficiency

  • It’s essential to note that these symptoms can also be caused by factors such as pests, diseases, or environmental stress. So, it’s advisable to have a professional, such as an arborist, evaluate the tree and conduct a soil test to identify any nutrient deficiencies and develop a proper treatment plan.

To correct any nutrient deficiencies or other tree issues, contact American Tree Experts Inc. We are a professional tree pruning and nutrient management company. Our experts will develop a customized plant healthcare program and look after your trees as best as possible. Call us at (973) 774-6091 today for a free quote for all your tree-related needs.

How Fertilization Enhances Growth And Health Of Trees?

growth and health of trees

How does fertilization enhance the health of trees? Understanding the science behind nutrient supplementation

A tree fertilizing program is crucial for maintaining the growth and health of your trees. Fertilizers provide the main macronutrients required for tree growth and metabolic functions. Additionally, well-nourished trees are more resilient to stress, diseases, and pest attacks. Keep reading to understand the significance of fertilization for your trees.

An Overview Of Tree Fertilization

  • Fertilizer includes natural or chemical substances added to soil to enhance its health and nutrient content. Typically, chemical-based fertilizers contain a blend of nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P), and potassium (K). The specific quantities required for a tree depend on the existing levels of each element in the soil. It is advisable to have a tree care professional assess the soil quality around a tree to determine the appropriate balance of N-P-K needed in the complete fertilizer.

The frequency of fertilization varies based on the age of the tree. Since young saplings are sensitive in their early stages, they require small applications of quick-release fertilizer. Developing trees can handle regular fertilizers and should be fertilized twice a year, ideally during the growing season. Mature trees have complex root systems that span a wide area, allowing them to absorb nutrients and water from a broader range of soil. Therefore, mature trees don’t require as many added nutrients as younger trees, so an annual fertilization is sufficient.

Benefits Of Tree Fertilization

Here are the top benefits of tree fertilization.

Encourages Tree Growth

  • Regular tree fertilization is crucial for fostering healthy growth. In the early stages, fertilization provides essential nutrients for a young tree, supporting the growth of a robust root system and facilitating rapid upward and outward growth. As the tree matures, consistent nourishment becomes necessary for sustenance and growth.

Protects Against Diseases

  • Tree fertilization provides an added layer of protection against diseases. Consider fertilizer as the equivalent of food for trees. Just as a well-balanced diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and lean meats supports human health and immune function, providing the right fertilizers to trees ensures they receive the necessary nutrition to stay healthy and resilient against potential diseases.

Facilitates Healing Of Injured Trees

  • Another reason for prioritizing tree fertilization is its role in recovering injured or damaged trees. Trees can face various threats, including insect damage, pruning-related harm, or injury from strong winds. When a tree experiences such damage, providing the right nutrients through fertilization becomes essential for prompt and effective healing.

Fertilization Methods for Trees

  • Determining the most suitable fertilization method for your trees involves consulting a tree care specialist. Here are three primary fertilization approaches:

Compost

  • health of treesCompost consists of decayed plant matter and mimics the natural fertilizer found in forests. This organic material provides essential nutrients for a tree’s healthy growth. While compost takes longer to absorb as it relies on soil microorganisms for processing, it is an environmentally friendly and beneficial fertilization method. To apply compost, spread it around the base of the trunk and generously sprinkle it over the surrounding root areas.

Organic Fertilizers

  • Organic fertilizers are derived from plant and animal-based materials and exclude composted substances. Although more expensive than inorganic alternatives, organic fertilizers are environmentally friendly and pose minimal harm to trees.

Inorganic Fertilizers

  • Commonly chosen for its cost-effectiveness, inorganic fertilizer is absorbed quickly compared to organic options. Although less environmentally friendly, it is popular for providing trees with essential nutrients. Inorganic fertilizers offer a quick nutrient release, supporting the tree’s growth and health.

Enlist the services of a skilled arborist to ensure optimal results from tree fertilization. American Tree Experts Inc. provides the best tree nutrient management services, employing highly qualified arborists and experts. Call us today at (973) 774-6091 and let our experts handle all your tree pruning and nutrient management needs.

A Guide To Common Plant Diseases And Their Treatments

different and common plant diseases

Gardening made easy – A practical guide to common plant diseases and their treatment

Plants are vital in maintaining ecological balance and sustaining life on Earth. However, like any living organism, plants are susceptible to diseases affecting their health and growth. Whether you are a seasoned gardener or new, this guide provides valuable insights to help you identify and address common plant diseases to keep your plants healthy and disease-free.

Powdery Mildew

  • Powdery mildew, with its distinctive white, dusty coating, affects various plants, including fragrant lilacs, apples, grapes, cucumbers, peas, daisies, and roses. This common plant disease can severely compromise the health of plants.

Treatment

  • A proactive approach involves raking and promptly disposing of infected leaves to minimize the spread of spores. Additionally, ensure your plants enjoy optimal conditions by providing good drainage and ample air circulation. Adopt a watering routine that avoids overhead irrigation at night.

Instead, mid-morning watering sessions are a better approach as they allow the leaves to dry before the evening. Commercial fungicides tailored to powdery mildew are available for those seeking more targeted interventions. Alternatively, you can use a natural remedy recommended by gardening experts.

Downy Mildew

  • Downy mildew is challenging for plants, including impatiens, pansies, columbine, grapevines, lettuce, and cole crops like broccoli and cauliflower. Unlike powdery mildew, downy mildew is triggered by fungus-like organisms.

It typically emerges in damp conditions, causing discoloration on the upper part of leaves and the development of white or gray mold on the undersides.

Treatment

  • Addressing downy mildew involves simple practices. When possible, choose plant varieties that show resistance to this condition. While specific fungicides for downy mildew are unavailable, cultural approaches can be effective. If your plants are affected, promptly remove and dispose of infected leaves or even entire plants if the infestation is widespread.

Follow these practices to prevent the recurrence of downy mildew:

  • Avoid overcrowding plants
  • Refrain from evening watering
  • Practice crop rotation for edibles yearly

With these practical measures, you can mitigate the impact of downy mildew and promote the well-being of your ornamental and edible plants.

Black spot

  • It is a fungal disease commonly affecting roses, various other flowers, and fruits. While it is not fatal to plants, its presence weakens them and makes them more susceptible to additional issues. In cooler, moist conditions, small black spots appear on the foliage, turning the affected leaves yellow and eventually detaching them from the plant.

Treatment

  • It is crucial to remove and dispose of diseased canes and leaves before the onset of winter, as the fungus overwinters in these areas. Maintaining clean and dry foliage is key to preventing black spots. This can be achieved through mulching beneath plants, strategically positioning roses in the morning sun for dew evaporation, and adopting a watering method that targets the roots rather than wetting the foliage.

For those seeking additional measures, consider incorporating black spot-resistant rose varieties into your garden. Furthermore, a preventative application of fungicide can protect plants from this disease.

Mosaic Viruses

  • common plant diseasesMosaic viruses are a challenge for gardeners. It has two types: the tomato mosaic virus and the tobacco mosaic virus. The former targets tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, apples, pears, and cherries, while the latter infects peppers, cucumbers, lettuce, beets, petunias, and tobacco.

Treatment

  • Various symptoms can identify viruses, including yellowing, stunted growth, deformed fruits, and diminished yield. A proactive approach involves removing and disposing of infected plants, including roots. It is advisable to avoid planting susceptible species in the same area for two years to prevent reoccurrence.

If you fear that your trees and plants are suffering from plant diseases, then waste no time and contact American Tree Experts. We provide effective and proactive Disease Management for plants and trees. Call us at (973) 744-6091 to get a free estimate of our services. We operate in Mont Clair, New Jersey, and nearby areas.