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What you need to know about caring for mature trees in your yard
Mature trees are invaluable natural treasures that provide numerous environmental benefits without taking much from humankind. However, like any living organism, they require care to withstand environmental challenges and natural disasters. Although mature tree care is significant, it is often overlooked. This comprehensive guide will offer valuable insights into caring for your mature trees.
- While inspecting mature trees can be challenging, given their immense height and complex root systems, it is crucial to ensure their well-being. However, it is essential to take a measured and systematic approach to maximize the effectiveness of your tree assessment.
Follow these steps for proper tree assessment:
- Step back and observe the tree from a distance. Pay attention to any visible signs of damage or stress.
- Use a ladder to examine the tree crown and observe the signs of dead or diseased leaves.
- Focus on the branches to find the symptoms of tree diseases such as discolored bark or canker. Look for notable structural issues like cracks, splits, and hollows.
- Thoroughly inspect the condition of the trunk. Search for signs of root rot, soil compaction, and girdling.
- Once you find the potential issues, customize a comprehensive tree care plan before the damage worsens.
Soil Testing To Discover Nutrient Deficiencies
Soil testing is a useful approach that helps discover nutrient deficiencies and other hidden issues your tree might face. A sample is taken from the tree root zone to conduct soil testing.
- Collect samples from different locations and combine them in a bucket for testing.
- Once you have obtained the samples, take them to a laboratory for analysis.
- The lab measures various factors, including pH levels and the presence of essential elements such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
- Tailor a treatment plan to address any deficiencies or imbalances after you get the lab results.
Pruning To Enhance The Health Of Mature Trees
When pruning mature trees, use caution, as improper pruning can cause significant damage and reduce leaf surface area, leading to wounds and an energy deficit.
- Conduct a thorough tree inspection to avoid pruning mistakes that damage your tree.
- Remove specific tree parts, such as dead, diseased, crossing, overgrown, rubbing, or rotten branches.
- Use sharp pruning shears or a saw to make clean cuts after identifying the branches to be pruned. Cut the branches at the correct angle, just above the branch collar, to facilitate proper healing.
- Consider using a sealant to protect the cut area from disease and decay. This will create a barrier that promotes healing and prevents the entry of harmful pathogens.
- Using appropriate pruning techniques and tools, you can improve the tree’s structure and promote healthy growth.
Tree Fertilization For Optimal Growth
Just before leaves emerge, fertilizing mature trees in the early spring promotes their health and vitality. Follow these techniques to ensure effective tree fertilization.
- Use a slow-release fertilizer specifically designed for mature trees. Typical fertilizers may damage the tree’s roots, so choosing the appropriate fertilizer is crucial.
- Evenly spread the fertilizer around the tree base while avoiding the trunk area. Apply enough fertilizer to cover the entire root zone.
- Monitor the growth of your tree closely for ongoing tree care. Watch out for signs of nutrient deficiencies, pest infestations, or other issues impacting the tree’s health. Promptly address any identified problems to maintain the well-being of your mature trees.
To correct any nutrient deficiencies or other tree issues, contact American Tree Experts Inc. We are a professional tree pruning and nutrient management company. Our experts will develop a customized tree healthcare program and look after your trees as best as possible. Call us at 973-774-6091 today for a free quote for all your tree-related needs.